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Papua and New Guinea
 
New Guinea had been annexed by Germany in 1884 and then stayed under German control until Australian forces occupied the area in 1914.
 
When World War 1 ended the administration of this part of the Territory was given to Australia by the League of Nations and the area then became officially known as New Guinea.
 
On 23 January 1925, the Australian administration of the Territory of New Guinea issued the first stamp series, representing an indigenous village, then in June 1931, with the first transportation of mail by air, a part of the Hutt stamps was overprinted with a plane and the words "AIR MAIL", further stamps were issued in the years that followed, the last in March 1939.  The Japanese then invaded in 1942 during World War 2.
 
Papua was annexed by Britain in 1888 and administered by Queensland, until in 1906 when the administration for this area was given to the Commonwealth of Australia after it was formed, the official name then became Papua, stamps were issued by Queensland from 1888 to 1901, then a series of stamps were issued from 1901 to 1939, when as with New Guinea the Japanese invaded in 1942.
 
Two years later both areas were recaptured by allied forces, after World War 2 both these territories were again under Australian administration and became Papua and New Guinea, then on 16 September, 1975 Papua New Guinea became an independent nation, ending Australia's postal control.
 
And so Papua New Guinea was a territory of Australia for around 30 years, with governing status of the two areas before the Japanese invasion, then dependence was declared and the territory adopted self-government in 1972 and on 15 September 1975, the Territory became the independent nation of Papua New Guinea as a result of self governance and independence.
 
Excerpt from The Australian Stamp Bulletin Issue 22, dated February, 1957.

RESTORATION OF POSTAL SERVICES IN PAPUA-NEW GUINEA, 1945

Following the conclusion of World War II, the Department of Territories made arrangements for postal facilities in the territories of Papua and New Guinea to be resumed under civil control as from the middle of October, 1945, and arrangements were made to obtain the necessary equipment for post offices from the  Australian Postmaster-General's Department.  Civil control was actually re-established on and from 30th October, 1945.  On 7th September, 1945, the Note Printing Branch was advised that it was not intended to utilize the pre-war stocks of Papuan and New Guinea stamps held by that Branch and authority was given for their destruction. 
Formal request was made to the Postmaster-General's Department on the same date for the supply of Australian postage stamps and postal stationery for use in the territories and on 13th September, 1945, the Department advised the appropriate authority that there was no objection to the use of Australian Commonwealth stamps in the territories as a temporary measure.
 
So I am only listing the stamps issued from 1952 until 15 September, 1975 as all stamps after the 15th September are no longer Australian Territorial stamps.
 
I will not be attempting to list all the pre 1952, New Guinea G.R.I.  or N.W. Pacific Island issues, or the Papua issues as this entails a huge feat as some 124 surcharges (overprints) on the twelve settings, created many printing errors and colour changes, the surcharges were done on a small hand press, which gave rise to these many variations, some 488 in total that I am aware of, with 124 separate parts just for New Guinea.  While Papua had 26 issues and a number of overprints, bringing the overall listings up to around 120 separate parts or listings and I believe I am being conservative.
 
So I will be starting these issues with the first printings by Australia in 1952 and starting the numbering at 1-1-1PNG.  I may or may not list the early issues at a later date, although they will be listed completely separate to this page and to each other.
 
1st Pictorial Definitives
Part 1
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This was the first series of issues for Papua New Guinea by Australia after WW2, apart from very basic information I have nothing else on these stamps as the only listing for Papua and New Guinea in the first Australian Stamp Bulletin dated August, 1953 simply said the stamps were not available in Oz, but from the Territories directly, although the following surcharges issued in January, 1957 are mentioned in issue 21 of the Australian stamp Bulletin dated December, 1956 on page 3, the listing is reproduced word for word in the next listing.
Excerpt from Issue 63, vol 11, number 3, page 21 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1963.
The Papua-New Guinea administration has advised that its 5d. and 1/- South Pacific Games issues will be withdrawn on 12th February, 1964, and the £1 Fisherman stamp on 28th March, 1964.
Issued 30 October, 1952 with perforation 14
 
1-1-1PNG ½d Emerald, Tree Kangaroo;
2-1-1PNG 1d Deep Brown, Buka Headdresses;
3-1-1PNG 2d Blue. Native Youth;
4-1-1PNG 2½d Orange, Bird of Paradise;
5-1-1PNG 3d Deep Green, Native Policeman;
6-1-1PNG 3½d Carmine Red, Chimbu Headdress;
7-1-1PNG 6½d Dull Purple Kiriwina Chief House;
8-1-1PNG 7½d Blue Kiriwina Yam House;
9-1-1PNG 9d Brown Copra Making;
10-1-1PNG 1/- Medium Green Lakatoi;
11-1-1PNG 1/6 Deep Green Rubber Tapping;
12-1-1PNG 2/- Indigo Sepik Dancing Masks;
13-1-1PNG 2/6 Brown Purple Native Shepherd and Flock;
14-1-1PNG 10/- Blue Black Map of Papua New Guinea;
14-1-2PNG SPEC 10/- Blue Black Map of Papua New Guinea SPECIMEN;
15-1-1PNG £1 Deep Brown Native Shooting Fish;
15-1-2PNG SPEC £1 Deep Brown Native Shooting Fish SPECIMEN

1st Pictorial Definitive
Surcharges - Part 1
Designer and Engraver unknown at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This issue contains two surcharges, one on the 2½d Orange Bird of Paradise and the other on the 1/- Medium-Green Lakatol.
(The following is an excerpt from issue 21, page 3, dated December 1956, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin)
A requirement for stamps of 4d, and 7d, denominations in Papua and New Guinea, consequent upon recent postal rates changes, is being met initially by the use of two provisional stamps, 4d. on 2½d. orange, and 7d. on 1/- medium green. As is the practice, the stamps will be available at the Philatelic Bureau and Philatelic Sales Sections on the date the stamps are first issued in the Territory.
Issued 29 January, 1957 with perforation 14
 
4-2-1PNG 4d Overprinted on 2½d Orange;
10-2-1PNG 7d Overprinted on 1/- Medium Green
 
1st Pictorial Definitives
Part 2
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This was the second series of issues for Papua New Guinea by Australia after WW2, the stamps are 3½d  from the 1952 issue but in Black, and the 4d Cacao Pods on a branch; and 7d the Commonwealth New Guinea Plymill at Bulolo are replacing the above surcharges; while the 1/7d Herd of Poll Shorthorn Cattle at the Baiyer River livestock station near Mount Hagen; and the 5/- Coffee Stalk and Ripe Berries are new issues.
The following is an excerpt from issue 29, page 2 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin dated April, 1958.
The Minister for Territories (Mr. Hasluck) has approved the issue of new postage stamps for the Territory of Papua and New Guinea in the denominations of 4d., 7d., 1/7d. and 5/-. Designs and colours will be as follow -
4d., vermilion, Illustrative of the cocoa industry and pictures cacao pods on a branch.
7d., grey-green, View of the commonwealth New Guinea Timbers' plymill at Bulolo.
1/7d., red-brown, Herd of Poll Shorthorn Cattle on the Baiyer River Livestock Station near Mount Hagen.
5/-, brown-green and brown-red (bicolour)  Coffee stalk with ripe berries.
In addition, the current 3 1/2d. stamp in red colour, portraying a Chimbu head-dress, will be re-issued in black colour. The new 4d. and 7d. stamps will replace the overprinted stamps of the same denominations which were issued on 29th January, 1957.
Issued 2 June, 1958 with perforation 14
 
6-1-2PNG 3½d Black, Chimbu Headdress;
16-1-1PNG 4d Vermillion, Cacao Plant;
17-1-1PNG 7d Grey-Green, Klinki Plymill at Bulolo;
18-1-1PNG 1/7d Red-Brown, Herd of Poll Shorthorn Cattle;
19-1-1PNG 5/- Brown/Green and Brown/Red, Coffee Stalk and Berries
 
1st Pictorial Definitive
Surcharges - Part 2
Designer: R. Harrison - Engraver: T. Harrison - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Treasury, Melbourne.
This was the second issue of surcharges, although only of one stamp.
Below is an excerpt from issue 39, vol 7, number 3, page 21, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin dated December, 1959.
A 5d. provisional stamp required to meet new postage rates which became effective on 1st December, 1959, was issued on that day. The basic stamp was the current ½d. value showing a tree-climbing kangaroo. The provisional stamp was also available for purchase at Philatelic Sections of the Postmaster-General's Department on 1st December, 1959.
Issued 1 December, 1959 with perforation 14
 
1-1-1PNG 5d Overprinted on the ½d Emerald
 
Papua and New Guinea
New Postal Charge Stamps
Although not a basic postage stamp series, I thought it important to list these stamps, if only for information purposes.
Below is an excerpt from issue 42, vol 7, number 6, page 42, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin dated April, 1960.
A definitive series of postal charge stamps was issued by Papua and New Guinea on 2nd June, 1960.  These stamps constitute a new category and their purpose is to meet charges levied in respect of Customs handling and demurrage and also to cover taxed mail collections and the air surcharge on parcels . They replace a provisional issue which was first brought into use on 1st March, 1960 .  The new series is of simple numeral design, as illustrated, and
produced by the letterpress process on Crown C of A watermarked paper at the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne .  Denominations and colours are as follow: -

1d. spectrum orange,
3d. golden brown,
6d. spectrum blue,
9d. chile,
1/ - emerald,
1/3d. pansy,
1/6d. kingfisher,
3/- indian yellow
I will attempt a scan of one of the charge stamps I have possession of, but as I am having problems with my scanner, it will be in black and white, if I am able to procure the images in colour, I will list them all at a later date as although they are not postage stamps they are related.
 
1st Pictorial Definitives
Part 3
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This was the third series of issues for Papua New Guinea by Australia after WW2, although these stamps had been issued previously they are of different values and colour range.
Below is an excerpt from issue 42, vol 7, number 6, page 42, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin dated April, 1960.
Postage stamps of 5d., 8d. and 2/5d. denominations are in course of preparation for Papua and New Guinea, these being required because of the new postal rates.  The new 5d. stamp will replace the provisional issue of 1st December, 1959 . The designs being utilized for the new stamps will be those currently in use for the 4d., 7d. and 1/7d. denominations respectively and will comprise 5d., cocoa industry; 7d., plymill at Bulolo and 1/7d., Poll Shorthorn cattle. The exact date of issue and colours will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 61, vol 11, number 1, page 8 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1963.
The Papua and New Guinea 2/5d. Cattle stamp will be withdrawn on 12th September, 1963, and the 5d. Red Cross stamp on 30th October, 1963.
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 16 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
The Papua and New Guinea Administration has advised that the 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee and 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll Election stamps are to be withdrawn on 30th November, 1964.
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1965.
The following Papua and New Guinea stamps were withdrawn from sale on 30th November, 1964: 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee, 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll.
Issued 10 November, 1960 with perforation 14
 
16-1-1PNG 4d Vermillion, Cacao Plant;
16-1-2PNG 5d Green, Cacao Pods;
17-1-1PNG 7d Bronze Green, Klinki Plymill;
17-1-2PNG 8d Ultramarine, Port Moresby Harbour;
18-1-1PNG 1/7 Red Brown, Cattle;
18-1-2PNG 2/5 Vermillion, Cattle;
19-1-1PNG 5/- Crimson and Olive Green, Coffee Beans
 
Reconstruction of the Legislative Council
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Harrison & Sons, London.
This stamp shows the Council Chambers in Port Moresby where the new Legislative council will operate from.
Below is an excerpt from issue 39, vol 7, number 3, page 21, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1959.
A new stamp of 2/3d. denomination will be issued during the first half of 1960. It is intended to meet the air mail rate to Europe and the design will be significant of air communications.
Excerpt from Issue 46, vol 8, number 4, page 26/27, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1961.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs for the Territory of Papua and New Guinea has advised plans for a special postage stamp issue commemorating the reconstruction of the Legislative Council.  The stamps have been printed by Harrison& Sons, Ltd., London, and are expected to be issued. during April or May, 1961, but the exact date of issue will be announced later.  The stamp design, depicting the Legislative Council Chambers, will be printed in two denominations, 5d. and 2/3, and produced in two colours, deep green for the frangipani foliage and other shrubs, and, on one denomination, deep pink for the frangipani blooms and building, with the other denomination featuring blooms and building in a deep yellow.
Excerpt from issue 47, vol 8. number 5, page 35/36, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1961.
Further to the note in the February 1961 Philatelic Bulletin, the purpose of the stamp issue is to commemorate the reconstruction of the Legislative Council for the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. The relevant legislation was passed by the House of Representatives on 5th October, 1960, and by the Senate on 12th October, receiving the Governor-General's formal assent on 17th October, at a ceremony held in the Legislative Council Chamber in Port Moresby during the Governor-General's official visit. On the 20th October, 1960, the Legislative Council of Papua and New Guinea passed the necessary amending legislation for the implementation of the Act.  One purpose of the legislation was to vary the bases of the membership of the Council. Previously it comprised 29 members, including the Administrator. This was altered to comprise 37 members and the Administrator. The previous membership was made up of 17 official and 12 non-official members and this has been changed to 15 official and 22 non-official. Of the non-official members, only three had been elected previously, but this ratio has been varied to provide that 12 are to be elected and 10 directly appointed. In the new Council also there will be a greater number of natives representing various divisions of the Territory.  The stamps were issued on 10th April, 1960, upon which date the Reconstituted Legislative Council was opened. (that last date should read 1961, a common error and these bulletin's are typed by hand not printed)
Excerpt from issue 48, vol 8, number 6, page 44, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1961.
Further to earlier references, the design common to both the 5d. and 2/3d. denominations is now illustrated. The stamps were printed by Harrison and Sons, Ltd., London , by the photogravure process and issued in sheets of 100 (10 x 10). The printer's imprint does not appear on sheet margins , However, the single line inscription "PRINTED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA" appears in the top right margin, extending almost the length of three and a half stamps. All sheets of both denominations are serially numbered. The number, in black, is placed in the margin below the first column.
Issued 10 April, 1961 with perforation 15 x 14
 
20-1-1PNG 5d Green Yellow, Council Chambers, Port Moresby
20-2-1PNG 2/3 Green Salmon, Council Chambers, Port Moresby
 
2nd Pictorial Definitives
Part 1
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This release are the new pictorial issues, they were released in three parts, the second part was in 1962 and the third was in 1963.
Excerpt from issue 48, vol 8, number 6, page 43, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1961.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Papua and New Guinea, has advised that four new postage stamps will be issued on 26th July, 1961.  Of 1d., 3d., 1/- and 2/- denominations, they form the first stage of the new  definitive series referred to in the December 1960 Philatelic Bulletin.
The colours and designs, which are illustrated, are: 1d., beetroot - Female Head; 3d., purple navy blue - Male Head; 1/-, cedar green - Female Dancer; 2/-, burgundy - Male Dancer.
The colour descriptions are interesting.
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 16 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
The Papua and New Guinea Administration has advised that the 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee and 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll Election stamps are to be withdrawn on 30th November, 1964.
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1965.
The following Papua and New Guinea stamps were withdrawn from sale on 30th November, 1964: 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee, 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll.
Issued 26 July, 1961 with perforations as below
 
21-1-1PNG 1d Lake, Female Goroka, perforation 14½ x 14;
22-1-1PNG 3d Indigo, Tribal Elder, Tari, perforation 14½ x 14;
23-1-1PNG 1/- Green, Female Dancer, perforation 14 x 14½;
24-1-1PNG 2/- Maroon, Male Dancer, perforation 14 x 14½
 
1st Pictorial Definitives
Part 4 - Reprint
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This is a reprint of the 1/7d stamp.
This excerpt is from Issue 53, vol 9, number 5, page 34, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1962.
A new printing has been made of the 1/6d. Papua and New Guinea stamp. The reference date is 23rd January, 1962. The paper is slightly whiter than that used in the previous printing, and the overall colour of the stamp is a shade less dark than before.
Issued 21 January, 1962 with perforation 14
 
11-1-2PNG 1/6 Deep Green Rubber Tapping
 
1st Pictorial Definitives
Part 5 Reprint
Designer and Engraver not known at this time - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Commonwealth Bank, Melbourne.
This is a reprint of the 8d stamp.
Excerpt from Issue 54, vol 9, number 6, page 46 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1962.
A new printing has been made of the 8d. Papua and New Guinea stamp. The ink used in the new printing is of a slightly darker shade of blue than before. Reference date is 21st March, 1962.
Issued 21 March, 1962 with perforation 14
 
17-2-1PNG 8d Ultramarine, Port Moresby Harbour
 
 
World Health Organisation
Malaria Eradication
Designer: W.H.O Advisory Committee - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This campaign sought the end of malaria in Papua and New Guinea.
Excerpt from Issue 51, vol 9, number 3, page 20 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1961.
The Papuan and New Guinea Administration has also announced that 5d., 1/- and 2/- World Health Organization commemorative stamps will be issued on 7th April, 1962, and that there will be two further issues of commemorative stamps during next year, One will mark the meeting of the South Pacific Commission in Pago Pago in July and the other the Territory's participation in the British Empire and Commonwealth Games in November, Further details of all these commemorative stamps will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 52, vol 9, number 4, page 26 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1962.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, has advised that commemorative stamps featuring the World Health Organisation programme for the eradication of malaria will be issued on 7th April, 1962. There will be three denominational 5d., 1/- and 2/-, with a common design, which is illustrated.
Excerpt from Issue 53, vol 9, number 5, page 36 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1962.
Anti-Malaria Commemorative Issue.

As mentioned in the February Philatelic Bulletin, the Anti-Malaria series was issued on 7th April, 1962. All bicolours, the shades are: 5d., kingfisher blue and ruby red (BCC164 and BCC38 of the British Colour Council's Dictionary of Colour Standards); 1/-, sable brown and Union Jack red (BCC129 and BCC210); 2/-, Brunswick green (BCC104) and black.  Sheet content is 72 in each case.  The stamps were engraved and recess-printed at the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne, on unwatermarked paper.
 
Malaria is the most serious insect-carried disease in the world today and over one million people die from it each year.  As part of its campaign to eradicate the disease, the World Health Organisation, an agency of the United Nations, appealed through its own organisation and through the Universal Postal Union to member countries suggesting the issue of stamps featuring the theme "The World United Against Malaria".
 
An Advisory Committee selected the official emblem of the campaign and evolved suggested stamp designs incorporating the emblem. The device shows the globe as a symbol of world-wide co-operation under the auspices of W.H.O., with the anopheles vector of malaria attacked by an Aesculapian staff formed into a spear.
 
Malaria is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in Papua and New Guinea and a vigorous campaign is being conducted with the ultimate aim of eradicating the malaria parasite. Methods used include spraying the walls of all dwelling places with a long-acting insecticide, mass treatments with anti-malaria drugs, and education of the indigenous peoples.
 
Areas at present under protection are New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, Manus Island, Maprik and Aitape sub-districts of the Sepik District, and Goodenough, Fergusson, Misima and Samarai Islands of the Milne Bay District.  Present coverage includes 307,528 persons in an area of approximately 341 500 square miles; by 1967 it is hoped to extend the coverage to 1,250,000 persons in an area of 180,000 square miles.
Issued 7 April, 1962 with perforation 14
 
25-1-1PNG 5d Red-Blue, Campaign Emblem;
25-2-1PNG 1/- Red-Sepia, Campaign Emblem;
25-3-1PNG 2/- Black-Green, Campaign Emblem
 
Fifth South Pacific Conference at Pago Pago
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This issue celebrates the conference being held in Pago Pago.
Excerpt from Issue 51, vol 9, number 3, page 20 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1961.
The Papuan and New Guinea Administration has also announced that 5d., 1/- and 2/- World Health Organization commemorative stamps will be issued on 7th April, 1962, and that there will be two further issues of commemorative stamps during next year, One will mark the meeting of the South Pacific Commission in Pago Pago in July and the other the Territory's participation in the British Empire and Commonwealth Games in November, Further details of all these commemorative stamps will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 53, vol 9, number 5, page 36 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1962.
Commemorative Stamps, Fifth South Pacific Conference.
Further to reference in the December 1961 Philatelic Bulletin, the Papua and New Guinea Administration has announced that 5d., 1/6d. and 2/6d. commemorative stamps will be issued on 9th July, 1962, to mark the occasion of the Fifth South Pacific Conference at Pago Pago. The design (illustrated) is common to all three denominations and was prepared by Mrs. P. M. Prescott, of Port Moresby. The stamps are being produced at the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne.
Issued 9 July, 1962 with perforation 14½ x 14
 
26-1-1PNG 5d Red and Green, Map of South Pacific
26-2-1PNG 1/6 Violet/Yellow, Map of South Pacific
26-3-1PNG 2/6 Green/Blue, Map of South Pacific
 
2nd Pictorial Definitives
Part 2
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This release is part 2 of the new pictorial issues, these stamps were released in three parts, the first part was in 1961 and the third was in 1963.
Excerpt from Issue 51, vol 9, number 3, page 19/20 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1961.
A new 3/- stamp will be added to the definitive series early in 1962. (The exact date will be announced later). The design, which is illustrated, shows a native policeman on traffic duty at the Douglas and Musgrave Streets intersection, Port Moresby.  The stamp will be the same size as the 8d, Plymill stamp (39 mm. x 23 mm.) and will be recess-printed.
 
The design is the work of Mrs. V.W. Prescott, Port Moresby, and the policeman portrayed is Constable Ragas Amis Matia, a rugged disciplined man of twenty-four, who was born near Kaiapit in the Morobe District of the New Guinea Mainland.  After a brief education at the Lutheran Mission school at Kaiapit, he was employed as a plantation worker at Talasea on New Britain, but not liking this work he saved zealously to obtain enough money to travel to Port Moresby where, in 1954, he was accepted by the Royal Papuan and New Guinea Constabulary and trained for six months at the Sogeri training centre, about thirty miles inland from Port Moresby.
 
After successfully completing this course, he was appointed to the Traffic Control Branch, his first job being to control the pedestrian crossing at Ela Beach, Port Moresby, but after one week he was transferred to the main road junction at Musgrave Street, where he controlled the busy motor and pedestrian traffic for five years - a feat not many constables have accomplished.
 
In 1959 Ragas was transferred to Madang where he was attached, as a constable, to the Native Affairs Department. His new job was more rugged than his previous one, as he had to accompany patrols through the mountainous interior.  In 1960 he supervised the construction of a seven mile road through dense jungle. 
 
His present duties, as well as being important, are arduous, as he patrols for periods of up to three weeks, has a break of two or three days, and is then off on further patrol work associated with the advancement of native villages in the Madang District - an area of 10,600 square miles, He has earned the respect of many native people and is held in high regard by Administration Officers in the area.
Excerpt from Issue 54, vol 9, number 6, page 46 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1962.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, has announced that the 3/- Policeman stamp will be issued on 5th September, 1962. The stamp design was illustrated in the December 1961 issue of the Philatelic Bulletin.
Issued 5 September, 1962 with perforation 14½ x 14
 
27-1-1PNG 3/- Green, Native Policeman
 
Seventh British Commonwealth Games
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue was released to celebrate the holding of the Seventh British Commonwealth Games, in which Papua and New Guinea fielded representatives.
Excerpt from Issue 51, vol 9, number 3, page 20 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1961.
The Papuan and New Guinea Administration has also announced that 5d., 1/- and 2/- World Health Organization commemorative stamps will be issued on 7th April, 1962, and that there will be two further issues of commemorative stamps during next year, One will mark the meeting of the South Pacific Commission in Pago Pago in July and the other the Territory's participation in the British Empire and Commonwealth Games in November, Further details of all these commemorative stamps will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 55, vol 10, number 1, page 5 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1962.
Three special postage stamps will be issued on 24th October, 1962, by the Papua and New Guinea administration, to mark the participation by Territorial athletes in the Perth Games - the first occasion on which a Papua-New Guinea team has competed.  Announcing this, the Director, Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. W.F. Carter) said that denominations will be 5d. (in two different designs in the same sheet) and 2/3d.  All were designed by Mr. George Hamori, who also designed the Australian 2/3d. Games stamp.
 
The new stamps will be on sale at Territory post offices for approximately three months, unless stocks are exhausted earlier, and will also be available, in mint condition only, at philatelic selling points of the P.M.G's Department in Australia. The stamps will not be valid for postings in Australia.
Orders for first day covers must reach the Philatelic Bureau, Port Moresby, by 17th October, 1962. Departmental first day covers cost 3d. each, and service fees are: affixing of stamps, 3d., addressing, 3d. Payment should be made by money order, bank draft or postal note (Australian or Territory issue only).
 
The designs are illustrated. Printed by Courvoisier S.A., by photogravure, the colours are:- 5d., javelin thrower, brown on blue; 5d., jumper, brown on orange. These stamps are arranged in the sheet to provide horizontal or vertical pairs. The 2/3d. stamp depicts the runners in brown on a light green background. All lettering is white, and both denominations are in sheets of 100.
Excerpt from Issue 56, vol 10, number 2, page 13 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1962.
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA EMPIRE GAMES STAMPS
Further to reference in the August Bulletin, the printer's imprint "COURVOISIER S.A." appears below each stamp of both denominations, printed in the background colour of the design.
The marginal inscription "PRINTED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA" is broken into two lines; the first six words appear in the left-hand margin, the last six in the right-hand margin. In each case the feet of the letters face inwards. The inscription is printed in green on the 2/3d. sheets and in blue on the 5d. sheets. Each sheet of both denominations is serially numbered in pale blue-grey in the left-hand margin below the word "PRINTED". Sizes are: 5d., 29 mm. x 24 mm; 2/3d., 36 mm. x 26 mm.
Issued 24 October, 1962 with perforation 11½
 
28-1-1PNG 5d Brown on Blue, High Jump;
29-1-1PNG 5d Brown on Orange, Throwing the Javelin;
28-1-1_29-1-1PNG SS Se-tenant Pair
 
30-1-1PNG 2/3 Brown/Green, Runners
 
3rd Pictorial Definitives
Part 1 
Designer: S.T. Cham - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This is part one of the 3rd definitive stamp release for Papua and New Guinea, it was released in three parts all in 1963, February, March and July, this stamp was based on the oil painting by Samuel Terarup Cham of Rabaul Harbour, a specimen set was released which included the £1 stamp released on 3 July, but I have listed the stamp here.
Excerpt from Issue 57, vol 10, number 3, page 13 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1962.
NEW PICTORIAL STAMPS FOR PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA

The Director, Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. W.F. Carter) has announced that three new stamps will shortly be added to the definitive series. The first, of 10/denomination, will be issued on 13th February, 1963. The design shows a view of Rabaul, New Britain, and is a reproduction of an oil painting by Mr. Samuel Terarup Cham, a Tolai of Matalau Village, near Rabaul.  He is the first indigenous artist in Papua and New Guinea whose work has been chosen for a Territory postage stamp.

Rabaul, the second largest town in the Terri tory, is noted for its fine harbour and many dormant volcanoes, several of which are shown on the stamp. The nearest is Rabalanakaia (Little Sister); at left is Kombiu (Mother), in the background is Turanguna (South Daughter) and at right is Tavurvur (Matupi). The most recent volcanic activity occurred during the period 1941-43, when Tavurvur erupted several times. Across the harbour, Vulcan (not shown on the stamp) erupted violently in 1937 causing temporary evacuation of the town.

Design size of the 10/- stamp is 33 mm x 23 mm, and sheet content is 50.  It was printed by Courvoisier S.A. by four-colour photogravure, on unwatermarked paper containing coloured silk fibres and specially gummed for tropical climates.  Replacing the 1952 outline map design.
Excerpt from Issue 59, vol 10, number 5, page 35 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1963.
Mr. Samuel Terarup Cham, whose oil painting of Rabaul formed the basis of the recent 10/- stamp, is a self-taught artist.  A building contractor, he paints as a hobby.  He was born 35 years ago at Matupi, an island in Rabaul Harbour (shown in the stamp).

The 10/- stamps are arranged in ten rows of five; each sheet is numbered in grey in the left margin beside stamp No. 41. The marginal inscription "PRINTED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE/GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA" appears in brown in the left and right margins, vertical coloured bars, each 8mm. deep, appear in one margin; on odd-numbered sheets they are at right, and at left on even-numbered sheets. Reading downwards, their colours are: red, brown, yellow, red, blue, brown, yellow, blue. At least three of the colours - red, blue and brown - are also registered in two small crosses, one each at top and  bottom of the sheet. The vertical arms mark the cutting line for sheet separation, and the horizontals are aligned with the first and last lines of perforations.
Issued 13 February, 1963 with perforation 11½

32-1-1PNG 10/- Rabaul Harbour
32-1-1PNG SPEC 10/- Rabaul Harbour SPECIMEN
 
3rd Pictorial Definitives
Part 2 
Designer: unknown - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This is part two of the 3rd definitive stamp release for Papua and New Guinea, it was released in three parts all in 1963, February, March and July, I have no details on the designer for these two, the 5d is a Bird of Paradise and the 6d is a Golden Opossum.
Excerpt from Issue 59, vol 10, number 5, page 36 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1963.
Sheet content of the 5d. and 6d. stamps is 100 (10 x 10) and design size is 21mm x 26mm. Colours are : 5d., red, brown, yellow; 6d., grey, red, yellow.
The 5d. stamp depicts a Red-plumed Bird of Paradise, which inhabits dense forest mainly on the southern side of the central range from Kilne Bay to Mount Hagen and the Fly River. It was named "Paradisea raggiana" by D'Albertis in 1873, after the Marquis Francis Raggi, but in modern ornithological opinion is now regarded as a form of P. apoda.  The animal shown on the 6d. stamp is the Golden Opossum, or Cuscus. The range of the cuscus group extends from the Celebes to the Solomon Islands. Two species (Phalanger maculatus and P. orientalis) occur in New Guinea and in the Cape York region of Australia.  The local name in many parts of New Guinea is "kapul".
Excerpt from Issue 60, vol 10, number 6, page 44 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1963.
The recently-issued 5d. and 6d. definitives bear the marginal inscription "PRINTED BY THE AUTHORITY OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA"; the first six words appear at the top and the inscription is completed in the bottom margin of the sheet.  The inscription is printed in dark brown on 5d. sheets, PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA and in dark grey on 6d. sheets. On both denominations, sequence numbers in light grey appear over stamp No. 1. Five registration marks also appear on each sheet; horizontal bars, 8 mm long and 12 mm apart, they begin between stamps 2 and 3 and extend to above stamp 6, although on many sheets guillotining has left portions of the bars in corresponding positions at the bottom of the sheets, From left to right, their colours are: 6d., grey, red, yellow, grey, red; 5d., brown, red, yellow, brown, red.
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 16 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
The Papua and New Guinea Administration has advised that the 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee and 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll Election stamps are to be withdrawn on 30th November, 1964.
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1965.
The following Papua and New Guinea stamps were withdrawn from sale on 30th November, 1964: 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee, 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll.
Issued 27 March, 1963 with perforation 11½
 
33-1-1PNG 5d Red-plumed Bird of Paradise;
34-1-1PNG 6d Golden Opossum or Cuscus
 
Centenary of the Red Cross
Designer; George Hamori - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This issue celebrates 100 years of the Red Cross Society, a similar design was released by Australia.
Excerpt from Issue 61, vol 11, number 1, page 8 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1963.
The Papua and New Guinea 2/5d. Cattle stamp will be withdrawn on 12th September, 1963, and the 5d. Red Cross stamp on 30th October, 1963.
Issued 1 May, 1963 with perforation 13½
 
31-1-1PNG 5d Red, Grey and Green, Centenary Emblem
 
2nd Pictorial Definitives
Part 3
Designer: 8d J.D. McMahon, 2/3 Mrs P.M. Prescott, both of Port Moresby - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
This release is part 3 of the new pictorial issues, these stamps were released in three parts, the first part was in 1961 and the second was in 1962, the design by Mrs Prescott depicts Tapini Airstrip with a light plane on approach, the design by J. McMahon is of Port Moresby Harbour.
Excerpt from Issue 58, vol 10, number 4, page 27 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1963.
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA - NEW DEFINITIVE STAMPS.

The Director, Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. W.F. Carter) has announced that his administration will issue new 8d. and 2/3d. definitive stamps on 8th May, 1963.  The designs, which are illustrated, are significant of Territorial communications. The 8d. stamp shows small vessels in Port Moresby harbour, and the 2/3d. stamp depicts an aircraft landing at Tapini airstrip.
Excerpt from Issue 59, vol 10, number 5, page 35 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1963.
As mentioned briefly last issue, issued on 8th May, 1963. The colours are new 8d. and 2/3d. definitive stamps will be 8d., BCC26 Tartan Green; 2/3d., BCC90 Midnight Blue. Both stamps are the same size as the current P.N.G. 2/5d.; sheet content is 36. The designs were prepared at the Note Printing Branch, R.B.A., Melbourne, from photographs by Mr. J.D. McMahon of Port Moresby in the case of the 8d. stamp, and from sketches by Mrs. P.M. Prescott of Port Moresby in the case of the 2/3d. The stamps were also engraved and recess-printed on unwatermarked paper at the Note Printing Branch.

The 8d. stamp depicts the Port Moresby waterfront in 1962, vessels like those shown carried over 16,500 tons of cargo between that city and other coastal ports. 

Tapini airstrip, featured on the 2/3d. design, was opened in November, 1939. The first official landing was made by Mr. Ken Garden in a Stinson "Reliant", and the first landing by a heavy aircraft was in January, 1940, by Mr. T. O'Dea in a Ford Trimotor, VH-UTB - no mean feat on a 90 by 940ft. hump-backed strip with a 2000 ft. gorge at its end, and a mountain wall beyond necessitating a 90° turn on approach and takeoff.  The aircraft depicted on the stamp is a Piaggio P.166.
Issued 8 May, 1963 with perforation 14 x 13½
 
35-1-1PNG 8d Green, Port Moresby Harbour;
36-1-1PNG 2/3 Blue, Tapini Airstrip
 
3rd Pictorial Definitives
Part 3 
Designer: Anthony Buckley - Printer: Harrison and Sons, London
This is part two of the 3rd definitive stamp release for Papua and New Guinea, it was released in three parts all in 1963, February, March and July, the design is based on a photograph taken of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Anthony Buckley, a specimen stamp was issued with the 10/- specimen, but I have listed the two separately with their normal counterpart.
Excerpt from Issue 59, vol 10, number 5, page 36 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1963.
Papua-New Guinea will issue a new £1 stamp on 3rd July, 1963. Printed by Harrison in three-colour photogravure, the design is based on an Anthony Buckley photograph of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth.
Excerpt from Issue 60, vol 10, number 6, page 44 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1963.
As noted briefly in the previous Bulletin, a new £1 stamp-will be issued by Papua and New Guinea on 3rd July, 1963. The portrait of Her Majesty is in brown on a green background, with gold lettering and denomination. Sheets are unnumbered and have no marginal inscription except the marking "IA IA IA" in a sans serif face, below stamp No. 49.  The colours of these marks are (1. to r. ) brown, green, gold. Sheet content is 50 (10 x 5) and design size is approximately 25 mm x 41.5 mm.
Excerpt from Issue 67, vol 12, number 1, page 5 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1964.
The present £1 stamp showing Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth will be retained.
Issued 3 July, 1963 with perforation 14½
 
37-1-1PNG £1 Queen Elizabeth II
37-1-1PNG SPEC £1 Queen Elizabeth II SPECIMEN
 
First South Pacific Games Suva, Fiji
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
Celebrating the first South Pacific games held in Fiji.
Excerpt from Issue 60, vol 10, number 6, page 44 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1963.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. W.F. Carter) has announced that his administration will issue two stamps to mark the participation of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea in the first South Pacific Games, to be held in Suva, 29th August - 7th September, 1963. The stamps, of 5d. and 1/- denominations,will be issued on 14th August, 1963.  The illustration shows the design common to both; it was based on the official Games emblem originated by Mrs. P.M. Prescott, of Port Moresby.  The stamps are being produced at the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne, by one colour recess, and will be on sale for approximately three months.  Stamp size is 30.5 mm x 28 mm, and sheet content is 60.  Colours will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 61, vol 11, number 1, page 3 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1963.
South Pacific Games: Further to reference in the June Bulletin, the colours of the Games issues are: 5d., bronze (BCC 116); 1/-, bottle green (BCC 25). The stamps are the same size as the Australian Coat of Arms stamps.
Excerpt from Issue 63, vol 11, number 3, page 21 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1963.
The Papua-New Guinea administration has advised that its 5d. and 1/- South Pacific Games issues will be withdrawn on 12th February, 1964, and the £1 Fisherman stamp on 28th March, 1964.
Issued 14 August, 1963 with perforation 13½ x 14½
 
38-1-1PNG 5d Bronze, Games Emblem;
38-2-1PNG 1/- Bottle Green, Games Emblem
 
Artifacts
Native Carvings
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This release is four stamps showing two shields and two carvings.
Excerpt from Issue 62, vol 11, number 2, page 11 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1963.
PAPUA - NEW GUINEA: ARTIFACTS SERIES.

The Acting Director of Posts and Teleghaphs, Port Moresby (Mr
. W.S. Peckover) has announced that new 11d., 2/5d., 2/6d. and 5/- definitive stamps will 5th February, 1964.  The designs, by Mrs. P.M. Prescott of Port Moresby, show native artifacts which are exhibited at the Port Moresby Museum.
 
The 11d. design depicts a human figure motif from a wooden shield made at Watam village at the mouth of the Sepik River, and the 2/5d. design also shows the top part of a shield of similar workmanship. Both shields are good examples of the traditional art of the Sepik River people. The 2/6d. stamp shows a figure of the kind often carved into a house post; this example originated from Bosmun village in the Lower Ramu area of the Bogia Sub-District, near Madang.  A traditional Malagon carving from Nedina village on the east coast of New Ireland is featured on the 5/- stamp. The masks and figures were used for Malagon ceremonies throughout New Ireland.  The stamps will be printed in four-colour photogravure by Courvoisier in sheets of 50.
Excerpt from Issue 63, vol 11, number 3, page 23/24 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1963.
ARTIFACTS SERIES

As announced in the October Bulletin, the Territory of Papua and New Guinea will issue new definitive stamps featuring native artifacts on 5th February, 1964. The following descriptions are taken from publicity matter issued by the Papua-New Guinea administration.

The 11d. stamp depicts the top portion of a wooden shield which was made in Watam village, at the mouth of the Sepik River. Of special significance is the figure of the large fruit-eating bat, commonly called the flying fox, appearing on the forehead of the carved figure. The flying fox, a dark, shadowy creature which flies at night, is taken metaphorically as representing either the human spirit or the vehicle which carries away the human spirit in sleep or at death. The bat itself does not appear to be held in any particular veneration and is often trapped and eaten.  The art of the Lower Sepik area is heavily conventionalized and many of the common art forms have reached a high degree of abstraction.  House beams carved in the familiar crocodile motif often show a scale-pattern to represent an attribute of the crocodile, without any attempt to show a realistic representation of the animal itself.  Similarly, in masks depicting faces, executed in much the same style as the figure shown on this stamp, the faces carry on the foreheads highly-conventionalized patterns representing the head and wings of the flying fox but reduced to zig-zag furrows. The prominent hooked and pierced nose, the heart-shaped face, dominant ears and relatively inferior mouth are characteristic of this style.

The 2/5d. stamp shows the figure on the head of a similar shield. The style is identical and the carved face conforms to the essentials of the style but differs in some details. The painted design, always a feature of Lower Sepik art, dominates the carving. The lack of a forehead pattern representing the flying fox is unusual.

The figure depicted on the 2/6d . stamp comes from Bosmun village in the Lower Ramu River area near Bogia. The type of art here shown belongs to the coastal area running from Bogia to the Murik Lakes and up the Sepik River to Angoram and beyond. The Ramu-Madang art forms generally are much cruder and less conventionalized than those of the coastal and Lower Sepik region. The Bogia area is the meeting place between these art styles and a good deal of blending occurs. On the Madang side, the carver usually seeks to produce a naturalistic rendering of the features without carved decoration or conventionalized patterns. The decorative effect relies heavily on the applied paint work, much of which (as in the model illustrated) appears to have been borrowed from the Sepik style but to have been applied more crudely and with less conventionalized effect.
 
On the 5/- stamp is shown a traditional Malanggan carving from Medina village on the east coast of the New Ireland District. This example is typical of the distinctive style. All of these figures appear to have hooked or bent noses and all have prominently depicted teeth. The faces are usually coloured black, with features boldly painted in contrasting colours, usually yellow and white. Some of these figures wear a kind of helmet with a raised crest, reminiscent of Greek or Roman helmets. Those figures which do not wear helmets, such as the one illustrated on the stamp, invariably have horn-like ear extensions, sometimes plain and sometimes heavily ornamented. These figures are usually carved from soft timber and are taken to represent ancestors and spirits and clan totems.
 
They serve a temporary purpose during ceremonies held in honour of people who have recently died. Some Malanggan figures are very elaborate and consist of a group of carvings which can be fitted together to make up an entire display showing an event of mythology or history. Individual figures are not carved out of a single piece of timber, but separate components are frequently joined with tradesman like precision. As part of their traditional beliefs, New Ireland people often depict their deceased ancestors sailing away in spirit boats made in the form of fishes, whales or other marine animals or curious decorative motifs suggestive of marine forms. Another type of figure used in New Ireland is the Uli, which has been traced back to the Garuda, a half-bird half-human figure found throughout Indonesia and traceable to an ancient Indian cult.
Technical details:
Size of stamps: 25.7 x 35.9mm
Perforation: 11½
Sheet Content: 50
Paper and gumming; Unwatermarked, with brown and green silk fibres, with special gumming for tropical climate.
Colours used
11d. - rose, slate, brown, yellow.
2/5d. - buff, grey, brown, magenta.
2/6d. - blue-green, brown, grey, yellow.
5/- - vermilion, grey, brown, lemon.
Issued 5 February, 1964 with perforation 11½
 
39-1-1PNG 11d Watam Villiage Shield, Sepik River;
40-1-1PNG 2/5 Sepik River Shield;
41-1-1PNG 2/6 Bosmun Villiage Carved Figure;
42-1-1PNG 5/- Nedina Villiage Malagon Carving
 
First Common Role Elections
For the House of Assembly
Designer: Walter Jadine - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This was the very first common role elections, printing was carried out on paper with brown and green silk fibres and special gum was used for tropical climates.
Excerpt from Issue 62, vol 11, number 2, page 11 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1963.
Mr. Peckover also announced that two special stamps will be issued in April or May, 1964, to commemorate the First Common Roll Elections for the new House of Assembly. The denominations will be 5d. and 2/3d. Further details will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 63, vol 11, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1963.
Mr. Sexton also announced further details of the two stamps to be issued on 4th March, 1964, to mark the First Common Roll Elections for the House of Assembly. The design common to both the 5d. and 2/3d. denominations shows a hand depositing a ballot in a ballot box.
 
Both stamps will be printed in two-colour photogravure by Courvoisier S.A. of Switzerland, whose artists provided the design.
Excerpt from Issue 64, vol 11, number 4, page 27/28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1964.
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA - COMMON ROLL ELECTIONS

As mentioned in the December Bulletin, two stamps will be issued on 4th March,1964, to mark the first Common Roll elections in the Territory. The stamps will be on sale for about three months. The design common to both the 5d. and 2/3d. denominations is illustrated. Colours are: 5d., brown and olive-brown; 2/3d., brown and blue. 
 
Stamp size is 25.7 x 35.9mm, perforations gauge 11½, and sheet content is 50 (10 x 5).  The paper is unwatermarked, with brown and green silk fibres, and special tropical gumming.  The elections are the first of their kind in the Territory. The chief differences from past elections are:
Of 64 members in the new House of Assembly, 54 are elected.  The former Legislative Council had 37 members of whom only 12 were elected. 
For the first time, all adult men and women residents of the Territory can vote, regardless of race, literacy or location, under an adult universal franchise.  All are included on the one Common Roll.  Previously, only people in local government districts and certain other areas could vote.  In the past Papuans and New Guineans could vote only for candidates of their own race, under the College Electoral System, and Europeans only for European candidate so under the new system Papuans, New Guineans and peoples of other races may vote for candidates of any race. 
 
The new system of distribution of electorates,- enrolment and voting was established after a committee including private, indigenous and official members of the Legislative Council had conducted many hearings throughout the Territory.  Its recommendations led to the new system which meets the expressed desires of the majority of the people.  For months past, administrative officers have travelled by air, sea and on foot over some of the most rugged country in the world to explain, enrol, educate and finally to set up voting facilities.  Voting is secret but not compulsory, bringing a greater measure of participation by Territorial people in the business of government.
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 16 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
The Papua and New Guinea Administration has advised that the 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee and 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll Election stamps are to be withdrawn on 30th November, 1964.
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1965.
The following Papua and New Guinea stamps were withdrawn from sale on 30th November, 1964: 6d. Golden Opossum, 1/- Dancer, 5/- Coffee, 5d. and 2/3d. Common Roll.
Issued 4 March, 1964 with perforation 11½
 
43-1-1PNG 5d Brown and Olive Brown, Casting a Vote;
43-2-1PNG 2/3 Brown and Blue, Casting a Vote
 
Health Services of the Territory
Designer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
The Papua New Guinea health services did a lot to help the people, the 5d stamp shows an Assistant Medical Officer running a a clinic at a health centre, the 8d stamp shows a dentist from the School Medical Service providing treatment to a pupil, the 1/- stamp shows a Papuan Nurse of the Infant, Child and Maternal Health Service at work, and last the 1/2 stamp shows a student studying tissue structure.
Excerpt from Issue 64, vol 11, number 3, page 11 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1963.
The Acting Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. T. D. Sexton) has announced that the Territory of Papua and New Guinea will issue four new postage stamps late in 1964. Featuring Health Services of the Territory, the subjects will be: "Health Centres", "Infant, Child and Maternal Health", "School Health" and "Medical Training and Research". The stamps were designed by artists of the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne, where they will be engraved and printed.
Excerpt from Issue 67, vol 12, number 1, page 3/4 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1964.
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA "HEALTH" STAMPS
Four postage stamps were issued on 5th August, 1964, by the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, to publicize the Territory's Health Services. The stamps were designed, engraved and printed at the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne, and technical details are:
size of stamps - 42mm x 26mm; perforation - 14½ x 14; sheet content - 6 x 6 = 36 on unwatermarked paper; denominations and colours- 5d. violet, 8d. green, 1/- light blue, ½d. dark red.
 
The series depicts some of the major activities of the Department of Public Health in the Territory. The Department has always been concerned with curative and preventative medicine, and has expanded greatly in recent years to include maternal and child welfare, medical training and health education.  Many of the skilled jobs are in the competent hands of Papuans and New Guineans; this acceptance of responsibility is a big step forward in the progress of the indigenous people, and enables provision of a wider and more effective health service in a rapidly-developing country.
 
The 5d. stamp shows an assistant medical officer conducting a clinic at a health centre.  Such centres are usually staffed by an assistant medical officer, two infant welfare nurses and an assistant health inspector.  Health centres provide curative services, and emphasize prevention of health hazards by vaccination campaigns, school health services and demonstrations and talks.  Each centre usually cares for about 10,000 people, with some assistance from aid posts in the area. 
 
Health is the theme of the 8d. stamp.  About 125,000 school children are examined annually in Papua and New Guinea, and this figure increases as further schools are opened and new roads built.  Dental health is an important part of children's well-being, and Papuan and New Guinean graduates of the Port Moresby Dental College play a vital part in the service. 
 
The infant, child and maternal health service, featured on the 1/- stamp, has been in operation for 15 years.  The nurse shown is a Papuan sister who trained for two years in the Infant Welfare Training School before beginning her work in the villages.  There are 155 infant welfare sisters - Papuan and New Guinean and Australian working for the mothers and children of the Territory. Fifteen years ago, 30-40 per cent of all Papuan babies died before reaching the age of one year; today, this has been reduced to less than one per cent in areas where infant welfare centres are provided.
 
Medical training is essential to the progress of public health services. The 1/2. stamp shows a student studying tissue structure under a microscope.  The Papuan Medical College was established in 1956 and at present has 200 students training as assistant medical officers, medical assistants and nurses.  The opportunity to qualify at standards equal to those in more highly-developed countries is eagerly grasped by young men and women of the Territory, and graduates of the College are taking an increasing part in Territorial health services.
Issued 5 August, 1964 with perforation 14½ x 14
 
44-1-1PNG 5d Violet, Health Centres;
45-1-1PNG 8d Green, School Health;
46-1-1PNG 1/- Blue, Infant, Child and Maternal Health;
47-1-1PNG 1/2 Red, Medical Training and Research
 
Birds
Definitives
Part 1
Designer: see note below - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This set of definitives were released in two parts, below is part 1 of this series, with part two being released in 1965, all designs in both parts were prepared by Courvoisier artists from paintings by J. Gould; W Hart; H. Jaques and W.A. Weber and each design shows both the male and female of the species.  The stamps shown here are the 6d Lawes Parotia (Parotia lawesi); the 8d Black-billed Sickle-bill (Drepanornis albertsii); the 1/-Emperor Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea guilielmi); 10/- Magnificent Rifle Bird (Ptiloris magnificus).  They are all species of the Bird of Paradise.
Excerpt from Issue 67, vol 12, number 1, page 4/5 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1964.
The acting Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby (Mr. W.S. Peckover) recently announced that eleven stamps of the present definitive series will be replaced by designs featuring birds.

The first group (6d., 8d., 1/- and 10/-) will be issued on 28th October, 1964, and the second group (1d., 3d., 5d., 2/-, 2/3d., 3/- and 5/-) is planned for January, 1965.  The present £1 stamp showing Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth will be retained.  The designs will show the male and female of each of the chosen eleven species.  The stamps were designed and are being printed by Courvoisier, Switzerland. The species to be shown on the first group are:-
6d. Parotia Lawesi (Lawes' Six-wired Bird of Paradise)
8d. Drepanornis Albertisii (Black-billed Sickle-billed Bird of Paradise)
1/- Paradisaea Guilielmi (Emperor of Germany Bird of Paradise)
10/- Ptiloris Magnificus (Magnificent Rifle Bird).
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 11/12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA BIRD SERIES

The first group of the new Papua and New Guinea Birds Series definitives - 6d., 8d. , 1/- and 10/-- were issued on 28th October, 1964. The designs were illustrated in the August Bulletin. The following notes have been extracted from a detailed descriptive statement provided by the P .-N. G. Administration; unfortunately space does not permit inclusion of the complete article.
 
Much research was carried out in selecting and preparing designs , to ensure authenticity.  The Administration gratefully acknowledges the help of Sir Edward Hallstrom, of Sydney; Dr . E. Thomas Gilliard, of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, who provided original material and descriptive text , and Mr. F. Shaw Mayer, of Nondugl, T.P.N.G. For valuable design material the Administration is grateful also to the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.; to the American Museum of Natural History, and the "Natural History Magazine" of New York.
 
Portrayed on the 6d. stamp are the male and female of the species Parotia Lawesi or Lawes' Six-wired Bird of Paradise, named for Rev. W.G. Lawes, a pioneer missionary. The first to discover the bird's home ground was Carl Hunstein, who collected specimens in 1884 on Horseshoe Mt., near Port Moresby. In 1890 Sir William Macgregor's expedition recorded the species in the Owen Stanley Ranges between 3,600 and 7,000 feet, and one of the expedition's naturalists was the first to describe the bird's playground.  Like other Parotias, this species builds and maintains a ground bower - an area of ground about 12 feet wide, from which all moss and dead leaves are cleared. The meagre evidence available suggests that the bower keepers - the males - are in auditory contact with each other. Fruit and seeds are the species' chief food and the call is a short sharp cry. 
 
A nest found at 6,000 feet in the Owen Stanleys was made of the wiry stems of a plant and lined with finer stalks and rootlets; the single egg was wine-red with rufous to black patches and a few grayish spots. The stamp design is based on a painting by Walter A. Weber which is reproduced by permission of the National Geographic Society.  Drepanornis Albertisii, the Black-billed Sickle-billed Bird of Paradise, on the 8d. stamp is also portrayed after ·a Weber painting. 
 
The bird was named in 1873 and is widespread throughout the mountainous regions of New Guinea between 2,000 and 7,200 feet.  However, little is known of the bird in the field; it seems t o be an elusive species of the mountain forest where it keeps to the topmost branches.  No one seems to have observed its method of feeding with the remarkably long, curved bill, but a specimen obtained by Shaw Mayer in the Finisterre Mountains had eaten grasshopper-like insects.  The nest is described as a thin flat structure in the fork of a branch, built of wiry grasses on a platform of wiry rootlets. The egg is of a dull cream colour with a reddish tinge, spotted with oblong dashes of reddish brown and purplish grey. 
 
The birds on the 1/- stamp are the male and female of the species Paradisaea Guilielmi or Emperor of Germany Bird of Paradise.  It was named by J.L. Cabanis in 1888, and is found in the mountains of the Huon Peninsula from about 2,200 to 4,000 feet.  In this narrow altitudinal belt it is quite common.  It was discovered by Carl Hunstein and Stephen von Kotze on Sattelberg Mountain in January, 1888. 
 
Its food is chiefly forest fruits; it has one loud and piercing call, and a softer cry also.  The bird is not well known in the wild, but the male in captivity has been observed to perform curious inverted dances in which it swung under its perch with half-open wings and display plumes extended. The nest is apparently undescribed, but the eggs are known to be creamy to rose cinnamon, streaked with browns and greys.
 
The 10/- stamp depicts the species Ptiloris Magnificus or Magnificent Rifle Bird, which is found in New Guinea and northern Australia from lowlands to about 4,500 feet. It was named by Vieillot, a French ornithologist, in 1819. Three fairly similar sub-species are known.  In New Guinea it is fairly common in the lower mountains. 
 
Food consists of forest fruits, and the bird gives two loud whistled call notes. Solitary males display high in tall, heavily-vined trees in the forest crown, where they are difficult to see. The nest is a deep round cup of vines, tendrils and dead leaves, and eggs are cream coloured and longitudinally
marked with browns and greys.
Issued 28 October, 1964 with perforation 11½
 
48-1-1PNG 6d Lawes' Six-wired Bird of Paradise;
49-1-1PNG 8d Black-billed Sickle-billed Bird of Paradise;
50-1-1PNG 1/- Emperor of Germany Bird of Paradise;
51-1-1PNG 10/- Magnificent Rifle Bird;
51-1-1PNG SPEC 10/- Magnificent Riflebird SPECIMEN
 
Birds
Definitives
Part 2
Designer: see note below - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This set of definitives were released in two parts, below is part 1 of this series, with part two being released in 1965, all designs in both parts were prepared by Courvoisier artists from paintings by J. Gould; W Hart; H. Jaques and W.A. Weber and each design shows both the male and female of the species.  The stamps shown here are the 1d Streaked Bowerbird (Amblyornis subalaris); the 3d Fire-Maned Bowerbird (Sericulus bakeri); the 5d Blue Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea rudolphi); the 2/- Brown-billed Sicklebird (Epimachus meyeri); the 2/3 Lesser Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea minor); 3/- Magnificent Bird of Paradise (Diphyllodes magnificus); and the 5/-Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise (Seleucides melanoleuca), the first two are Bowerbirds, while the remaining five are Birds of Paradise.
Excerpt from Issue 68, vol 12, number 2, page 12/13 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1964.
Denominations and subjects of the second group of stamps, to be issued in January, 1965, are:-
1d. Amblyornis Subalaris (Striped Gardener Bower Bird)
3d. Sericulus Bakeri (New Guinea Regent Bower Bird)
5d. Paradisaea Rudolphi (Blue Bird of Paradise)
2/- Epimachus Mayeri (Brown Sickle-billed Bird of Paradise)
2/3d. Paradisaea Minor (Lesser Bird of Paradise)
3/- Diphyllodes Magnificus (Magnificent Bird of Paradise)
5/- Seleucides Melanoleuca (Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise)

Stamp sizes are: 1d. - 8d. inclusive, 24 x 29mm; 1/- - 10/- inclusive, 28.5 x 39.2mm. Sheet content is 100 (10 x 10) in each case, on unwatermarked paper incorporating brown and green silk fibres.
 
The exact date of issue of the second group was not available when this Bulletin went to press.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
The Director of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, (Mr. W.F. Carter), recently announced that the second group of "Birds" stamps will be issued on 20th January, 1965.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
Commemorative stamps scheduled for 1965 are: 2/3 50th Anniversary of Anzac, to be issued on the same day as the corresponding Australian stamps; two stamps to mark the 6th South Pacific Conference at Lae in July; and three stamps in October for the 20th Anniversary of the United Nations.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 18/19 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
"Birds" Series.

The following notes, extracted from a longer descriptive text supplied by the Papua and New Guinea Administration, are continued from the October Bulletin.
 
The 1d. stamp shows the male and female of the species Amblyornis Subalaris or Striped Gardener Bower Bird, which is known only on the southern watershed of the mountains of south-eastern New Guinea, between 2,200 and 3,600 feet.  The species was named by Bowdler Sharpe in 1884.  A. Subalaris feeds on small fruits and a few insects; its call is undescribed but is probably highly ventriloquial as in other Amblyornis species. 
 
The bower built by this species is a tower of sticks which the male places around a thin sapling (the "maypole") on the forest floor.  The tower, about two feet tall, is topped with a teepee-like dome of sticks with two openings providing access to the interior. 
Around this hut is a cleared area in which the male sticks fresh flowers and brightly-coloured berries.

The 3d. stamp depicts Sericulus Bakeri or New Guinea Regent Bower Bird, found in the forests of the Adelbert Mountains.  It eats fruits and insects, and its calls are rasping notes and muted whistles.  The design is based on a painting by H. Jaques, reproduced by permission of the Natural History Magazine of New York.

The birds on the 5d. stamp, Paradisaea Rudolphi or Blue Bird of Paradise, are found in the mountains of eastern New Guinea.  Otto Finsch named the species in 1885 in honour of Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria, a young ornithologist perhaps better-known as one of the principals in the tragedy of "Mayerling''.  
 
In captivity the male has been observed to perform a remarkable dance ••• "upside down, the bird hanging almost vertically and swaying rhythmically ••• singing in a curious low, grating voice ••• the plumes are spread out ••• ''.  Its nest is a cup of pandanus stripping; the egg is oval, cream colour streaked with browns and greys.  The stamp design is based upon a Walter A. Weber painting.
 
On the 2/- stamp are shown the male and female Epimachus Meyeri, or Brown Sickle-billed Bird of Paradise.  There are two sickle-billed species, both in the Wahgi Valley region, and their difference is indicated in the names.  E. Meyeri is found in the mountains of the trunk and south-eastern peninsula of New Guinea between 5,400 and 10,000 feet. It was discovered by Carl Hunstein in 1884, and named by Finsch in 1885. 
 
It is a berry, fruit and insect eater, and is known to display with breast feathers and pectoral shields outspread.  Its nest is of moss and slender vines in a tree crotch; the egg is pale cinnamon, streaked with browns and greys and spotted with lavender and brown. 
 
Paradisaea Minor or Lesser Bird of Paradise is shown on the 2/3 stamp. The species was named by G. Shaw in 1809, and is found from the Upper Ramu River west to Japan Island, in the Vogelkop peninsula and Western Papua Islands from sea level to 5,000 feet.
 
It is thought that this is the species which Magellan's men brought to Spain in 1521.  The footless condition of the specimens (the legs are still removed by native plume collectors) inspired the myth that the birds were wanderers from some celestial paradise. 
 
The species eats fruits and insects.  Its call is a series of clear bugled notes.  The nest is a cup of twigs lined with fibres; the eggs are creamy with grey and brown streaks.
 
The 3/- stamp subject is the species Diphyllodes Magnificus or Magnificent Bird of Paradise; it is found in Western Papuan Islands, Japan Island, and all New Guinea from about 2,000 to 5,500 feet.  The species was named by Thomas Pennant in 1781.

The adult male clears a ground court in thick forest, and trims the leaves above to let sky light penetrate to the floor.  When visited by a female, the male dances on the base of a sapling in the court, displaying his breast shield and cape feathers.  The nest is of moss and dry leaves, with yellowish-cream eggs streaked with brown and grey.
 
The 5/- design shows Seleucides Melanoleuca or Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise, found at Salawati Island and in New Guinea, except the north-eastern portion from the Markham River Valley to about Collingwood Bay.  The species inhabits lowland swamp forests.  It was named by F.M. Daudin in 1800. 
 
The species eats tree fruits and insects, and food extracted from sago and pandanus palm flowers. The nest is a cup of pandanus leaf strippings lined with rootlets; the egg is cream with longitudinal brown and grey streaks. The stamp design is based on a Weber painting.
 
The 1d., 1/-, 2/-, 2/3, 3/- and 10/- designs are from paintings by W. Hart in Bowdler Sharpe's monograph (London, 1893).  Colours used in the printing of the series are: 1d., yellow-green, sepia, yellow, red-orange; 3d., grey, bistre-brown, carmine, lemon; 5d., salmon, black, bright blue, lemon; 6d., light green, brown, indigo, lemon; 8d., lilac, sepia, red, yellow; 1 -, light chestnut, sepia, emerald, lemon; 2/-, light green-blue, sepia, magenta, ochre; 2 3, green, sepia, orange-brown, lemon; 3/-, yellow, brown, blue-green, orange-red; 5/-, cobalt, sepia, scarlet, lemon; 10/-, drab, deep blue, light blue, orange-brown.
Issued 20 January, 1965 with perforation 11½
 
52-1-1PNG 1d Streaked Bowerbird;
53-1-1PNG 3d Fire-maned Bowerbird;
54-1-1PNG 5d Blue Bird of Paradise;
55-1-1PNG 2/- Brown-billed Sicklebird;
56-1-1PNG 2/3 Lesser Bird of Paradise;
57-1-1PNG 3/- Magnificent Bird of Paradise;
58-1-1PNG 5/- Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise
 
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 28, of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated January, 1965.
Because of circumstances beyond the control of the Australian Post Office, the sale of specimen sets containing stamps of Christmas Island, Nauru, Norfolk Island and Papua and New Guinea has been discontinued at this Department's philatelic selling points. Specimen sets containing stamps of Australia, Australian Antarctic Territory and Cocos (Keeling) Islands will continue to be sold.
 
Native Artifacts
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott, Port Moresby - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
The designs were based on the Sepik River Canoe Prows held by the Port Moresby Museum, there are four designs all of different values, but all are prows.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
Mr. Carter also gave details of further new issues in 1965. Four new "Artifacts" stamps, designed by Mrs. P.M. Prescott of Port Moresby, will be issued on 24th March, 1965; they feature canoe prows carved in traditional Sepik style. Denominations will be 4d., 1/2, 1/6 and 4/-.
Excerpt from Issue 71, vol 12, number 5, page 35 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1965
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA - NEW ISSUES

The accompanying illustrations show the four stamps issued by the Territory of Papua and New Guinea on 24th March, 1965.  Showing Sepik District canoe prows, the stamps were designed by Mrs. P.M. Prescott of Port Moresby, and were printed by Helio Courvoisier of Switzerland in four-colour photogravure. The stamps are in sheets of fifty in ten rows of five, and the size of each stamp is 48.2 mm x 29 mm.

The designs are based on wood carvings now in the Port Moresby Museum and originally from the Sepik District in the western portion of the Trust Territory of New Guinea. The District's population is about 260,000, divided into many groups of differing cultures and languages. Several groups are noted for the rich development of their art, in some cases wood carving and in others clay pottery. Specialisation, not usually a feature of Papua and New Guinea cultures, was associated with these activities, and although most individuals could make everyday objects, the production of artifacts of high artistic quality was limited often to only one or two people in a community.

The 1/2d., 1/6d. and 4/- stamps show carvings characteristic of the Sepik River between Angoram and Ambunti. These carvings follow tr~ditional patterns of a type formerly of emotional significance in the life of the people, although this significance has been decreasing for some time. The 4d. stamp represents a modern carving made for exhibition and sale at the Sepik District Show, probably by a man from the main Sepik River. The actual length of the crocodile's head is two feet, and the total length of the piece is eight feet five inches.

The head section of the Museum specimen shown on the 1/2d. stamp is five feet six inches, with an overall length of over 20 feet. Traditionally held sacred by the Iatmul group, carvings of this type were retained in villages as it was believed this was essential for their welfare. The canoe prow shown on the 1/6d. centres round the head of a pig, an animal of importance in many Territory communities.  Actual length of this prow is three feet six. 
 
The 4/- stamp shows another crocodile head, also three feet six inches long. Finely carved prows, particularly with crocodile motifs, characterised the art of the Iatmul and neighboring groups on the Sepik.
Issued 24 March, 1965 with perforation 11½
 
59-1-1PNG 4d Prow;
60-1-1PNG 1/2 Prow;
61-1-1PNG 1/6 Prow;
62-1-1PNG 4/- Prow
 
50th Anniversary of the Anzac Landing at Gallipoli
Designer: C. Andrews - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank, Melbourne.
A similar design was also released by Australia and Nauru, depicting Simpson and His Donkey.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
Commemorative stamps scheduled for 1965 are: 2/3 50th Anniversary of Anzac, to be issued on the same day as the corresponding Australian stamps; two stamps to mark the 6th South Pacific Conference at Lae in July; and three stamps in October for the 20th Anniversary of the United Nations.
Excerpt from Issue 70, vol 12, number 4, page 26 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1965.
Anzac commemorative stamps will also be issued on 14th April in each of the Australian Territories of Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Nauru, Norfolk Island and Papua and New Guinea. By arrangement between the P .M.G.'s Department and the Department of Territories, the "Simpson" design was also used for the Territories' issues, but as the Note Printing Branch's commitments in respect of decimal currency preparatory work did not permit the additional engraving which would have been necessary, the Territories' Anzac series were produced by photogravure at the N.P.B.
 
The original design concept was retained, but some slight alteration of proportions was necessary to adjust from the engraved stamps' size (34.5mm x 21 .05mm) to the large gravure size (34.5mm x 22mm) and to allow for the longer country names.  All the Territory issues are in the same colour combination: green background, brown central motif, and black lettering. The usual marginal registration marks appear, and sheet content is 48 in each case. Denominations are: Cocos, Nauru and Norfolk, 5d. each; Papua-New Guinea, 2/3d.; Christmas Island, 10 cents (Malaysian currency= 4d. Australian).
Excerpt from Issue 74, vol 13, number 2, page 13 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1965.
The Papua and New Guinea 2/3d. Anzac stamp was withdrawn from sale on 14th September, 1965.
Issued 14 April, 1965 with perforation 13½ x 13
 
63-1-1PNG 2/3 Simpson and His Donkey
 
6th South Pacific Conference, Lae
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
The design symbolises the movement from traditional village life into planned urban communities.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
Commemorative stamps scheduled for 1965 are: 2/3 50th Anniversary of Anzac, to be issued on the same day as the corresponding Australian stamps; two stamps to mark the 6th South Pacific Conference at Lae in July; and three stamps in October for the 20th Anniversary of the United Nations.
Issued 7 July, 1965 with perforation 11½
 
64-1-1PNG 6d Urbanisation;
64-2-1PNG 1/- Urbanisation
 
20th Anniversary of the United Nations
Designers: Note Issue Department of the Reserve Bank of Australia - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This is the last issue in pounds, shillings and pence, the issue comprises three stamps the: 6d Emblem, Mother and Child; the 1/- Emblem, and an Orbiting Globe and the 2/- Emblem and four orbiting globes.
Excerpt from Issue 69, vol 12, number 3, page 17 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1964.
Commemorative stamps scheduled for 1965 are: 2/3 50th Anniversary of Anzac, to be issued on the same day as the corresponding Australian stamps; two stamps to mark the 6th South Pacific Conference at Lae in July; and three stamps in October for the 20th Anniversary of the United Nations.
Excerpt from Issue 74, vol 13, number 2, page 15 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1965.
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA STAMPS FOR UNITED NATIONS

The Territory of Papua and New Guinea issued three stamps on 13th October, 1965, commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the United nations. The designs, shown above, were prepared by artists of the Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia, Melbourne, and the stamps were printed in photogravure by Helio Courvoisier of Switzerland.
 
The 6d. stamp shows a mother and child, symbolising the humanitarian activities of United Nations, and the 1/- and 2/- stamps depict the globe in orbit.
The U.N. emblem is included in all three designs.
Technical details are:
Size - 6d. 41 mm x 26mm 1/- & 2/- 26 mm x 41 mm
Sheet content - 50
Colours - 6d. bluish-green/blue/brown; 1/- violet/blue/orange; 2/- lemon-green/blue/green
Perforation - 11½
Paper - unwatermarked granite
Gum - yellow tropical gum
 
The Trust Territory of New Guinea has special ties with United Nations. New Guinea, formerly a German colony, has been administered by Australia since W.W.I., first under mandate from the League of Nations and then under a Trusteeship Agreement with the United Nations following W.W.II.  New Guinea is now administered jointly with Papua, which is an Australian Territory.
Issued 13 October, 1965 with perforation 11½
 
65-1-1PNG 6d Emblem, Mother and child;
66-1-1PNG 1/- Emblem and Orbiting Globe;
67-1-1PNG 2/- Emblem and Four Orbiting Globes
 
Excerpt from Issue 74, vol 13, number 2, page 10 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1965
The Territories of Papua and New Guinea, Norfolk Island and Nauru will also introduce decimal currency stamps on 14th February, 1966.
Decimal Currency Begins From This issue
Excerpt from Issue 75, vol 13, number 3, page 21 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1965
Within Australia for the following two years, the public will be able to use £.s.d. stamps of the Australian, Australian Antarctic Territory and  Cocos (Keeling) Islands series held by them for any service for which payment may be made in postage stamps.

The provision will not apply to Christmas Island stamps or to £.s.d. stamps of Nauru, Korfolk Island and Papua and New Guinea, none of which are valid for use in Australia
.

 
Butterflies Definitives
Part 1
Designers: Adapted from Photo's of Specimens held by the C.S.I.R.O - Printers: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There were three releases in this set, this one, the first was eleven stamps 1c, 3c, 4c, 5c, 10c, 15c, 20c, 25c, 50c, $1, $2 stamps, the second release was the 12c stamp in October, 1966, and the third was a reprint of the $1 and $2 in August 1967, but as these were from remastered or re-engraved plates, there were a number of small differences, although they were easy to see if you were looking for differences in the two different printings, all designs were based on photographs of specimens at the Australian National Insect Collection, C.S.I.R.O., Canberra.
Excerpt from Issue 75, vol 13, number 3, page 19 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1965
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA
The decimal currency series of postage stamps for Papua and New Guinea will be issued by that Territory on 14th February, 1966.  The series, illustrative of butterflies, was printed in multicolour photogravure by Helio Courvoisier S.A., Switzerland.  The designs were adapted from photographs of specimens from the Australian National Insect Collection, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra.  The stamps are on unwatermarked granite paper, in sheets of 50; dimensions are 26 x 36 mm (vertical format) and 36 x 26 mm (horizontal format). 
Subjects and denominations are:
1c Papilio Ulysses Autolycus
3c Marpesia Acilia Tervisia
4c Graphium Weiskei
5c Terinos Alurgis
1Oc Ornithoptera Priamus Poseidon
15c Papilio Euchenor
20c Parthenos Sylvia Pherekides
25c Delias Aruna Aruna
50c Apaturina Erminea Papuana
$1 Doleschallia Dascylus
$2 Ornithoptera Paradisea
The stamps will be available for purchase in mint condition only from philatelic sales points of the Australian Post Office on and after 14th February, 1966
Issued 14 February, 1966 with perforation 11½
 
68-1-1PNG 1c Papillo ulysses autolycus;
69-1-1PNG 3c Marpesia aciliatervisia;
70-1-1PNG 4c Graphium weiski;
71-1-1PNG 5c Terinos alurgis;
72-1-1PNG 10c Ornithoptera priamus poseidon;
73-1-1PNG 15c Papillo euchenor;
74-1-1PNG 20c Parthenos sylvia pherekides;
75-1-1PNG 25c Delias Aruna Aruna;
76-1-1PNG 50c Apaturina erminea papuana;
77-1-1PNG $1 Doleschallia dascylus;
78-1-1PNG $2 Ornithoptera paradisea
 
Myths of the Gulf District of Papua
Folklore Series
Designer: H.A. Brown - Printer: Harrison and Sons, London.
These myths and stories are a part of the National Heritage of Papua New Guinea and should not be forgotten.
Excerpt from Issue 77, vol 13, number 5, page 35 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1966
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA NOTES
Forthcoming Stamp Issues
Two new issues have recently been announced by_the Territory postal administration. 
On 8th June, 1966, 2c, 7c, 30c and 60c stamps featuring myths from the Gulf District of Papua will be issued, to augment the Butterfly series with denominations not included in that set.  The 7c stamps will be used for the first weight step on foreign letters, the 30c and 60c stamps will cover the basic parcel rates, and the 2c stamp will be used for "make weight" purposes. 
 
The second issue will mark the Second South Pacific Games to be held in Noumea, New Caledonia. The stamps will feature athletes engaged in sport; denominations of 5c, l0c and 20c are planned, but the issue date is yet to be determined.

£.s.d. Stamps
Papua and New Guinea £.s.d. stamps, postal charge stamps and postal stationery items have been withdrawn from all Territory post offices and from the philatelic sales points of the Australian Post Office, but will remain on sale at the Philatelic Bureau, Port Moresby, until 31st August, 1966. 
 
All stamps and items of postal stationery in £.s.d. currency issued by the Territory of Papua and New Guinea or by the Territory of Papua or by the Mandated Territory of New Guinea remain valid for postage.  Postal charge stamps have not been used since C-day; instead, postage stamps are used to account for fees and charges for which postal charge stamps were previously utilized.  If in stock, postal charge stamps may be purchased from the Port Moresby Philatelic Bureau in mint or used condition until 31st August, 1966.  Requests for cancellation of such stamps will not be met after that date.  Requests for exchange of £.s.d. stamps and postal charge stamps for decimal currency stock will be met for a period of five years after the introduction of decimal currency.  Postal stationery will not be exchanged.  The Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Papua and New Guinea, will however repurchase all postage and postal charge stamps and postal stationery items less a sliding scale discount of no more than 10 per cent and no less than five per cent of the face value.  A minimum discount of 50c per transaction will be applied.  Further details governing repurchase will be supplied on request by the Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, T.P.N.G.
Issued 8 June, 1966 with perforation 11½
 
79-1-1PNG 2c Molala Harai;
80-1-1PNG 7c Marai Tankoru;
81-1-1PNG 30c Meavea Kivovia;
82-1-1PNG 60cToivita Tapaivita
 
South Pacific Games, Noumea, New Caledonia
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Three stamps were released as a part of this issue, 5c Discus Throwing; 10c Football and the 20c Tennis.
Excerpt from Issue 78, vol 13, number 6, page 43 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1966
The designs of the forthcoming Papua and New Guinea 5c, lOc and 20c stamps commemorating the South Pacific Games in Noumea are shown above. The date of issue has not yet been announced.
Excerpt from Issue 79, vol 14, number 1, page 7 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1966
The 5c, 10c and 20c Second South Pacific Games commemorative stamps were issued by the Territory of Papua and New Guinea on 31st August, 1966. The designs were illustrated in the June Bulletin.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
Further to earlier references, the Territory administration has also supplied technical details of the Second South Pacific Games stamps, as follows: basic colours of frames - 5c wine red, 10c green, 20c blue; size of stamps 28 mm x 33.4 mm; sheet content 50, perforation 11½; unwatermarked granite paper with yellow tropical gum; designer, Mr. George Hamori of Sydney; photogravure printed by Courvoisier .
Issued 31 August, 1966 with perforation 11½
 
83-1-1PNG 5c Discus Throwing;
84-1-1PNG 10c Football;
85-1-1PNG 20c Tennis

Butterflies Definitives
Part 2
Designers: Based on a photo by M.S. Upton - Printers: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There were three releases in this set, this the first was eleven stamps 1c, 3c, 4c, 5c, 10c, 15c, 20c, 25c, 50c, $1, $2 stamps, the second (this release) was the 12c stamp in October, 1966, and the third was a reprint of the $1 and $2 in August 1967, but as these were from remastered or re-engraved plates, there were a number of small differences, although they were easy to see if you were looking for differences in the two different printings, all designs were based on photographs of specimens at the Australian National Insect Collection, C.S.I.R.O., Canberra.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA - NEW ISSUES

On 12th October, 1966, a 12c stamp was issued depicting the male of the Blue Crow or Euploea Callithee Duerrsteini butterfly.
 
The design was based on a photograph of a specimen from the Australian National Insect Collection, C.S .I.R.O., Canberra.  The photograph, by Mr. M.S. Upton , is of a specimen collected in New Guinea by Mr. W.W. Brandt.  Both men are members of the C.S.I.R.O. Division of Entomology.

The stamp is available, in mint condition only, from philatelic sales sections of the Australian Post Office.
 
Stamp size is 36 mm x 26 mm, sheet content is 50, perforation 11½, paper is unwatermarked granite with yellow tropical gum, and the stamps have been printed in multicolour photogravure by Helio Courvoisier S.A., La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland.
Issued 13 October, 1966 with perforation 11½

86-1-1PNG 12c Euploea callithoe duerrsteini
 
Flowers Definitives
Designer: D. Pearce - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Papua New Guinea is home to many species of flower, these four are notable.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA - NEW ISSUES
 
Mr. W.F. Carter, Director, Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, recently announced that the Territory will issue a set of four stamps depicting indigenous flowers on 7th December, 1966.  The designs were prepared by Mrs. Damaris Pearce of Lae, and the set comprises: 5c Macuna Novoguineensis, 1Oc Tecomanthe Dendrophila, 20c Rhododendrum Macgregoriae and 60c Rhododendrum Konori.  The stamps have been printed in vertical format, 26 mm x 36 mm, in multicolour photogravure by Courvoisier, in sheets of 50.
Excerpt from Issue 81, vol 14, number 3, page 18 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1966
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA NOTES

The "Flowers" series stamps issued on 7th December, 1966, are shown above. The artist responsible for the designs is Mrs. Damaris Pearce, of Lae.  Four years at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology provided the training to enable her to enter the specialised field of botanical drawing, and she now holds the position of botanical illustrator with the Division of Botany in the Territory's Department of Forests.  Her work frequently entails excursions to the forests to draw plants too fragile or too liable to wilt to be taken to the herbarium. Chief of the Division of Botany is Mr. John S. Womersley, who compiled the botanical information following.  A resident of Lae since 1946, he has been responsible for the establishment and development of the herbarium and botanic gardens there.
 
5c: Mucuna novoguineensis is the d'Albertis Creeper or Flame of the Forest.  Specimens were first collected by the Dutch botanist Johannes Teysmann in 1871. Later the Italian explorer d'Albertis described the plant as "one of the most gorgeous sights in the plant kingdom".  It was first named in 1876 by Dr. R. Scheffer, a Dutch botanist working at Buitenzorg, Java. 
 
The vine grows from a large chestnut brown seed and rapidly ascends to the very topmost branches of forest trees.  Only the youngest shoots carry the three-foliate leaf.  Older parts of the vine rapidly thicken, sometimes to a diameter of twelve inches near ground level.  Flowers are produced from the leafless parts of the vine, in clusters of spikes.  Each flower is brilliant scarlet with orange and vermilion tonings.
 
10c: Tecomanthe dendrophila is the native tecoma, an outstanding vine of the lowland forests of New Guinea. It was first collected by Alexander Zippelius, a German horticulturist who from 1823 to 1827 was Assistant Curator of the Botanic Garden, Buitenzorg.  He discovered the plant in New Guinea in 1828.  The Dutch botanist Blume named it Tecoma dendrophila, later changed to Tecomanthe dendrophila. 
 
The vine produces flowers well below the leafy shoots.  Several times a year racemes of deep pink tubular flowers, up to four inches long and one inch in diameter, are produced on the old woody sterns.  The lobes of the flower tube are pale cream.  The racemes may sometimes produce twenty or more blooms, all opening at once and remaining open for several days.
 
20c: Rhododendron macgregoriae was first named by Baron Ferdinand von Mueller, the well-known Melbourne botanist, from specimens sent by Sir William Macgregor, Administrator of the British Crown Colony of New Guinea, 1888-1895. 
 
This rhododendron is widespread and common.  The plant shows little preference for soil and may be seen in old garden sites, forest clearings, and worked-out gold sluicings.  It frequently occurs as a small to large bush or tree, but may occur as an epiphyte high among the branches of trees.  As may be expected with such a wide-ranging plant, there is great variation in flower colour and size.  Generally the flower heads are compact with from ten to fifty flowers, whose colour is commonly apricot to pink, but clear yellow blooms are sometimes seen, usually quite without scent.
 
60c: Rhododendron konori was discovered by the Italian explorer Beccari in 1875, and named by him for one of the gods of the Mafar people of the Arfak Mountains.  It may grow as a shrub or as an epiphyte.  The flowers are produced in heads of five to eight blossoms varying from pure white to deep pink, with a strong carnation-like scent.
Issued 7 December, 1966 with perforation 11½
 
87-1-1PNG 5c Mucuna novoguineensis;
88-1-1PNG 10c Tecomanthe dendrophila;
89-1-1PNG 20c Rhododendron macgregoriae;
90-1-1PNG 60c Rhododendron konori
 
Higher Education
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
A country needs highly educated people to move forward in the future.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
Early in 1967 a set of five stamps marking the commencement of higher education will be issued by the Territory, Mr. Carter announced. The designs were prepared by Mr. George Hamori.
Excerpt from Issue 82, vol 14, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1967
A special short term set of five stamps was issued by the Territory of Papua and New Guinea on 8th February, 1967, to mark the commencement of higher education in the Territory.  Designed by Mr. George Hamori, of Sydney, the set comprises the following: 1c Fine Arts, 3c Surveying, 4c Civil Engineering, 5c Science and 20c Law.  The stamps were printed in multicolour photogravure by Helio Courvoisier S.A., of Switzerland, in sheets of 50.  The stamps will be available, in mint condition only, from philatelic sales points of the Australian Post Office until 8th May, 1967.
Excerpt from Issue 83, vol 14, number 5, page 34 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1967
Further to reference in the February Bulletin, the stamps of the Higher Education series all measure 33.6 mm x 26 mm.
Issued 8 February, 1967 with perforation 12½ x 12
 
91-1-1PNG 1c Fine Arts;
92-1-1PNG 3c Surveying;
93-1-1PNG 4c Civil Engineering;
94-1-1PNG 5c Science;
95-1-1PNG 20c Law
 
Fauna Conservation
Part 1 - Beetles
Designer: Mrs P.M. Prescott - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Conservation is an important part of any country, if we lose it we can never get it back.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
Mrs. P.M. Prescott is the designer of a set of four stamps due for release in April, 1967, featuring beetles of the Territory.
Excerpt from Issue 82, vol 14, number 4, page 28 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1967
Another Papua and New Guinea short term issue of four stamps depicting beetles is due to appear in April, 1967.  The exact date of issue will be announced later.
Excerpt from Issue 83, vol 14, number 5, page 34 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1967
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA NOTES

The Territory of Papua and New Guinea issued a special short term set of four stamps depicting beetles on 12th April, 1967.  They were designed by Mrs. P.M. Prescott, formerly of Port Moresby and now living in Brisbane, and were printed in multicolour photogravure by Helio Courvoisier S.A., Switzerland.  The values and subjects are: 5c, Sagra Speciosa; 10c, Eupholus Schoenherri; 20c, Sphingnotus Albertisi; and 25c, Cyphogastra Albertisi.  Sheet content is 50 and stamp size 26 mm x 36 mm in each case.

The brilliant metallic green to red-bronze Sagra Speciosa is one of the very largest of the chrysomelid beetles (leaf beetles, plant beetles).  It measures up to 4/5ths of an inch in length.  This species is rare and little known; a few have been taken in the Port Moresby area.

Eupholus Schoenherri, a weevil about an inch long and covered with blue and pale grey scales, belongs to a genus of many brilliantlycoloured kinds of weevils of various shades and patterns.  They are almost entirely limited to New Guinea, and there are perhaps 50 species.

Sphingnotus Albertisi is a large (up to 1½ inches) flattish longicorn (long-horned) beetle, green to blackish green with white markings, and is characteristic of a large group of species of several genera, restricted mainly to New Guinea and nearby islands.

Cyphogastra Albertisi belongs to the buprestid family (the metallic or flat-headed wood-boring beetles) and is brilliant metallic blue, green and yellow in colour and an inch or more long.  As with the longicorn beetles, the buprestid family spend the larval stage boring in wood.
Issued 12 April, 1967 with perforation 11½
 
96-1-1PNG 5c Sagra speciosa;
97-1-1PNG 10c Eupholus schoenherri;
98-1-1PNG 20c Sphingnotus albertisi;
99-1-1PNG 25c Cyphogastra albertisi 
 
Industrial Development
Designer: Graham Wade - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue was released to mark the completion of the Laloki River Hydro-Electric Scheme near Port Moresby, of which the same design is shown on the 5c and the 25c stamps (so they have the same main number, but a different suffix), the other two stamps show industries (Tea and Pyrethrum) which were assisted by the development of hydro-electric power in the region.
Excerpt from Issue 80, vol 14, number 2, page 12 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated October, 1966
A further stamp issue next year will publicise the completion of the Rouna Laloki power projects and the industrial development of the Territory. Details of the designs and dates of issue of these three issues will be announced later, Mr. Carter said.
Excerpt from Issue 83, vol 14, number 5, page 34 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1967
INDUSTRY SERIES

On 28th June, 1967, the Territory will issue four stamps to mark the completion of the second stage of the Laloki River Hydro-electric Scheme near Port Moresby. The stamps, designed by G. Wade of Sydney, feature an impression of the hydro-electric project and two of the new industries which will be assisted by electric power. Traditional Territory motifs appear in the backgrounds.
 
Denominations and subjects are: 5c, Hydro-electrical Scheme; 10c, Pyrethrum; 20c, Tea; 25c, Hydro-electrical Scheme.  Sheet content is 50 and stamp size 26 mm x 33.6 mm for all values, and they are being produced by multicolour photogravure by Courvoisier.
Excerpt from Issue 84, vol 14, number 6, page 43 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated June, 1967
As noted in the April Bulletin, the Territory of Papua and New Guinea issued 5c, l0c, 20c and 25c stamps on 28th June, 1967, to mark the completion of an important stage of the Laloki Hydro Power Complex and the Territory's participation in the UNESCO-sponsored International H1drological Decade.  Papua and New Guinea's heavy rainfall (more than 100 inches per year) and the large catchment areas in the highlands provide great potential for water-generated power, and although this has not yet been developed to any great degree the Electricity Commission is constructing a 30,000 KW station on the Laloki River at Port Moresby, to meet growing needs in that area, and also plans to build a 72,000 KW station on the Ramu River.  This will make power available to the growing industries in Lae and Madang and to the agricultural industries - tea, coffee and pyrethrum - in the highlands.

The 10c stamp subject, pyrethrum, is a plant of the chrysanthemum family; the daisy-like flower of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium provides the "knock-down" element in most insecticides.  A temperate climate plant, it is grown commercially at high altitudes (6,000-9,000 ft.) in the tropics, where yield and quality are at the maximum.  It was introduced as a cash crop in New Guinea in 1964, after years of experiment and selection of strains suitable for local conditions.  Production is entirely in the hands of small holders, and the 3,000 acres under cultivation return some $15,000 per year to growers. 
 
Tea, shown on the 20c stamp, has been grown experimentally in the highlands of New Guinea since 1939, but serious commercial planting dates from 1964. This plant also likes high altitudes and in New Guinea the industry is centred in the western highlands, above 5,000 feet.  New Guineans have adapted readily to the culture of this new crop, and the women have proved their ability to pluck tea as efficiently as women of countries where tea has been long established. More than 14,000 acres of tea will be planted by 1972, 3,000 acres of which will be owned by native farmers on tribal holdings and land settlement schemes.
Issued 28 June, 1967 with perforation 12 x 12½
 
100-1-1PNG 5c Hydro Power;
101-1-1PNG 10c Pyrethrum;
102-1-1PNG 20c Tea;
100-2-1PNG 25c Hydro Power
 
Butterflies Definitives
Part 3
Designer: Unknown at this time - Printers: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There were three releases in this set, this the first was eleven stamps 1c, 3c, 4c, 5c, 10c, 15c, 20c, 25c, 50c, $1, $2 stamps, the second release was the 12c stamp in October, 1966, and the third (this issue) was a reprint of the $1 and $2 in August 1967, but as these were from remastered or re-engraved plates, there were a number of small differences, although they were easy to see if you were looking for differences in the two different printings, all designs were based on photographs of specimens at the Australian National Insect Collection, C.S.I.R.O., Canberra.
Issued During August, 1967 with perforation 11½
 
77-1-2PNG $1 Doleschallia dascylus;
78-1-2PNG $2 Ornithoptera paradisea
 
25th Anniversary of South Pacific War
Commemoratives
Designers: (2c) R. Hodgkinson; (5c) F. Hodgkinson; (20c, 50c) Graham Wade, Sydney - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
As with most of the battle grounds throughout WW2, a great many lives were laid down on all sides.  The battles shown are 2c Milne Bay Battle; 5c Kokoda Trail Battle; 20c Coast Watchers (these people kept watch and informed the allies of any movement, a very dangerous undertaking for they were behind enemy lines most if not all of the time); 50c Coral Sea Battle.
Excerpt from Issue 85, vol 15, number 1, page 3 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated August, 1967
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA COMMEMORATIVES

The postal administration of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea has announced that a set of four special stamps, in the denominations 2c, 5c, 20c and 50c, will be issued on 30th August, 1967, to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the war in the Pacific, and events which took place in the Territory. 
 
Subject to availability of supplies, the stamps will be available in mint and postmarked condition from philatelic sales points of the Australian Post Office.  They will continue on sale for about three months. 
 
The Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, has furnished the following details: sheet content 50, perforation 11½, unwatermarked granite paper with yellow tropical gum, printed by photogravure by Helio Courvoisier, 20c and 50c stamps designed by G. Wade, 2c by G. Hodgkinson and 5c by F. Hodgkinson.  The Territory administration acknowledges the help of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, which gave permission for the Frank Hodgkinson drawing ''Kokoda Trail" (from the War Memorial book "Khaki and Green") to be reproduced on the 5c stamp. 
 
The stamps are printed in multicolours, but exact colour details were not available when copy for this issue of the Bulletin was closed.
Issued 30 August, 1967 with perforation 11½

103-1-1PNG 2c Milne Bay Battle;
104-1-1PNG 5c Kokoda Trail Battle;
105-1-1PNG 20c Coast Watchers;
106-1-1PNG 50c Coral Sea Battle
 
Parrots
Designer: Tristan Walcott, Mount Hagen - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Although not recognised as a Christmas issue, these stamps were released for use with the Christmas mail, the four stamps are, 5c Fairy Lori; 7c Vulturine Parrot; 20c Dusk Orange Lori; 25c Fig Parrot.
Excerpt from Issue 87, vol 15, number 3, page 19 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated December, 1967
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA-"PARROTS" SERIES

On 29th November, 1967, the Territory of Papua and New Guinea issued a special set of four stamps featuring Territory parrots, in the denominations 5c, 7c, 20c and 25c.  The stamps were designed by Tristan Walcott, of Mount Hagen.  The Territory Administration acknowledges the help of Mr. Fred Shaw Mayer, of Baiyer River, T.P.N.G., and Dr. A. L. Rand, Chief Curator of Zoology of the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, U.S.A., for background notes.
 
The 5c stamp shows a Fairy Lory, Charmosyna papou stellae.  Described in 1886 by the German naturalist A.B. Meyer, this species is a mountain forest bird, usually found between 5,000 and 9,000 feet.  The bird featured on the stamp is a female, which has the lower back and rump yellow; in the male these parts are red.  The total length of the bird is about 14-16 inches, including the elongated central tail which extends some six inches or so beyond the rest. 
 
This brush-tongued lory is an elegant species.  In small parties it darts through the tree tops of the mountain forests.  Flowers seem the species' main food in the wild, but a captured bird was seen to drink sugar water by extending its brush tongue into the water, then squeezing out the water within the mouth.
 
The 7c stamp shows the Vulturine Parrot, Psittrichas fulgidus, a very peculiar parrot without close relatives and restricted to New Guinea.  It was described in 1830 by the French naturalist R. P. Lesson.  The species is widely distributed in the New Guinea mountains, from 2,500 to 4,000 feet.  About 18 inches long, this red and black parrot has several unusual features.  The tree tops of the forest are its home, where its usual food seems to be soft fruit.  The foreparts of the head are sometimes matted with fruit pulp, suggesting an adaptive value in the sparse, bristly feathering of the head, 'to lessen the soiling of the head feathers - an adaptation seen in a quite different group, the vultures, which also have bare heads. 
 
Many peculiarities of internal structure also separate this parrot from others of the parrot family. 
 
The 20c stamp depicts a Dusk-orange Lory, Pseudeos fuscata incondita, a subspecies named in 1886 by A. B. Meyer.  This is a medium-sized lory, about 11 inches long, with great variation in the intensity of the orange markings.  It is common in grasslands and forest from sea level to 5,500 feet, travelling in compact groups of 10-30.  When flowering trees are found, this species and other lories and honeyeaters gather, nibbling flowers and scooping up nectar with their brush-tipped tongues. 
 
The 25c stamp shows an Edwards' Fig Parrot, Psittaculirostris edwardsii.  Named in 1885 by E. Oustalet, of the Paris Museum, its range is limited to the lowlands of North New Guinea.  The bird is small, about seven inches long, with golden cheek feathers which spread backwards like a fan.  The bird shown is a female, the male having a less definite blue breast band and extensive red below.  The species is uncommon, and little is known of its habits.

Technical details of the stamps are:
 
Size of stamps: 26 mm x 33.6 mm
Sheet content: 50 (5 x 10)
Marginal inscription: none
Perforation: 12
Gum: yellow tropical
Paper: unwatermarked granite
Designer: Tristan Walcott
Printing Process: five-colour photogravure
Printer: Helio Courvoisier S.A.

Subject to availability of supplies, the stamps will be available in mint or postmarked form from philatelic sales points of the Australian Post Office until 29th February, 1968.
Issued 29 November, 1967 with perforation 12 x 12½
 
107-1-1PNG 5c Fairy Lori;
108-1-1PNG 7c Vulturine Parrot;
109-1-1PNG 20c Dusk Orange Lori;
110-1-1PNG 25c Fig Parrot
 
National Heritage
Headdresses 
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Any part of a national heritage is very important and should be both celebrated and preserved for future generations.
Excerpt from Issue 88, vol 15, number 4, page 26 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated February, 1968
PAPUA & NEW GUINEA "NATIONAL HERITAGE" STAMPS

The Territory of Papua and New Guinea issued a set of four new stamps on 21st February, 1968. 
 
The denominations and subjects are:
 
5c Chimbu District Headdress
10c Southern Highlands District Headdress
20c Western Highlands District Headdress
60c Chimbu District Headdress
 
The stamps were printed in four-colour photogravure by Helio Courvoisier, and were designed by Mr. Paul Jones, of Sydney.
 
Announcing the issue, the acting Director of the Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Mr. W. S. Peckover, said that the people of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea have no written record of their past history; however, they have developed a unique and vigorous art style manifested in carving, ritual and ceremonial adornment and in dance, song and legend.
 
To a large degree these art forms were functional and reflected the mode of living, and formed part of the unwritten history passed on from generation to generation.
 
Due to the impact of an entirely new civilisation many of the arts of carving and decorating and the songs, dances and legends have changed or have become entirely lost.  There is enough left, however, for the people of the Territory to identify themselves with their national heritage.
 
It is thus most important for the traditional cultural heritage to be preserved for future generations. With this ultimate aim in mind, the Territory Administration plans to issue special series of postage stamps at yearly intervals to publicise and encourage preservation of the Territory's national heritage, Mr. Peckover said.

The stamps will be available (subject to continuance of supplies) from philatelic sales sections of the Australian Post Office until 21st May, 1968.
 
Technical details are:
 
Size of stamps: 26 mm x 33 mm
Sheet content: 50
Perforation: 12
Paper: unwatermarked granite
Designer: Paul Jones
Printing Process: Four-colour photogravure
Printer: Helio Courvoisier S.A., Switzerland.
Issued 21 February, 1968 with perforations as below
 
111-1-1PNG 5c Chimbu Headdress, perforation 12 x 12½;
112-1-1PNG 10c Southern Highland Headdress, perforation 12½ x 12;
113-1-1PNG 20c Western Highland Headdress, perforation 12½ x 12;
114-1-1PNG 60c Chimbu Headdress, perforation 12 x 12½
 
Excerpt from Issue 89, vol 15, number 5, page 37/38 of the Australian Stamp Bulletin, dated April, 1968
PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA: 1968/69 STAMP ISSUE PROGRAMME

The Acting Director, Mr. W. S. Peckover, Department of Posts and Telegraphs, Port Moresby, recently announced details of his Administration's stamp issues up to January, 1969. 
 
The first series (and the second of the annual Flora and Fauna Conservation series)- 5o, lOc, 15c and 20c stamps featuring frogs- was issued on 24th April, 1968.
 
On 26th June, 1968, four special postage stamps will be issued to mark the 1968 elections to the House of Assembly and the International Human Rights Year. Two of the stamps will be symbolic of the House of Assembly elections and the other two will feature the Human Rights motif.  They were designed by Mr. George Hamori of Sydney and will be printed by Enschede and Sons of Holland, in six-colour off-set litho.

Fifteen new definitive stamps, featuring sea shells and replacing the "Butterfly" and ''Folk Lore" series, will be issued in three groups.  The first five will appear on 28th August, 1968; the second group of five on 30th October, 1968; and the final group on 22nd January, 1969.  The stamps were designed by Mr. Paul Jones of Sydney and will be printed by Helie Courvoisier.

The values and subjects of the "Frogs" series are:

5c Hyla thesaurensis (tree frog)
10c Hyla iris (tree frog)
15c Ceratobatrachus guentheri (ground frog)
20c Nyctimystes narinosa (tree frog)

The stamps are available from philatelic sales sections of the Australian Post Office until 24th July, 1968.  At the time of going to press, mint stamps only were available, but it was expected that postmarked stamps also would become available soon after the date of issue.

The following notes on the subjects were supplied by the Territory postal administration.

The 5c stamp depicts a juvenile of the tree frog Hyla thesaurensis.  All juveniles of this species bear the characteristic pale longitudinal stripes on the back, but the markings are exhibited by only a few adults which are any shade of brown, grey, green or yellow, or any combination of these colours.  Consequently, Hyla thesaurensis has been described as a "new" species on five occasions.

The frog attains a maximum body length of about 2½ inches, and has the unusual feature of possessing bright bluish-green bones, which can be seen through the skin on the under surface of the limbs.  It breeds in static or slow-moving water; about one thousand eggs are laid in large clumps, and the tadpoles take up to three months to develop into frogs.
 
The 10c stamp shows Hyla iris, a slender agile tree frog rarely more than 1½ inches long.  One of the most beautiful of New Guinea frogs, it was named after Iris, goddess of the rainbow. Besides the colours visible when the frog is at rest, the unexposed surfaces are marked with violet, sky blue, pale cream and yellow.

Its breeding habits are unusual; it lays clumps of bright green eggs in masses of clear jelly in shrub branches overhanging streams.  Tadpoles of species which spawn in static water usually hatch and fall to the bottom of the pond, and during the first few days their movements are uncoordinated and they cannot swim properly.  Although not a disadvantage in static water, such tadpoles could not survive in fast-flowing streams. Unlike these, the tadpoles of Hyla iris remain within the nest of jelly after hatching, and drop into the stream only when capable of swimming strongly.

The 15c stamp shows Ceratobatrachus guentheri, a ground-dwelling species confined to the Solomon Islands, whose frog fauna includes several genera and numerous species not found elsewhere, and this particular animal is amongst the most unusual.

Ceratobatrachus guentheri has a maximum body length of about four inches and is drab brownish or greenish in colour. It is characterised by small triangular flaps of skin on the snout, jaw, eyelids and posterior edges of the limbs. It lives amongst leaf litter on forest floors where the triangular flaps tend to obscure the outline of the animal, and amongst dead leaves with serrated edges it is well camouflaged. Like most ground frogs of the area, it probably lays its eggs well away from water; in such cases, there is no free-swimming tadpole stage, for this period is spent within the egg and eventually a miniature frog emerges.

Nyctimystes narinosa is shown on the 20c stamp. About twenty species of the genus Nyctimystes are recognised, but probably many more await discovery. They vary from about two inches to almost five inches and many have light markings on the back which, like those of N. narinosa, can be quite startling.

This species lives in mountain rain forests, and its markings may possibly help to conceal it amongst brightly-coloured mosses and lichens. Nothing is known of its habits and development, but other species of Nyctimystes with similar eggs lay them beneath flat stones in the beds of mountain torrents. The emerging tadpoles have streamlined bodies and large sucker mouths by which they attach themselves to smooth rocks.

Technical details are:

Size of stamps:
36 x 26 mm
Sheet content: 50
Perforation: 11½
Paper: unwatermarked granite
Designer: Staff artists of Courvoisier
Printing Process: Four-colour photogravure
Printer: Helio Courvoisier, S.A., Switzerland.
 
The "National Heritage" stamps, showing various headdresses, were illustrated in the February Bulletin. Notes on the designs follow.
 
The 5c stamp shows a headdress of the type worn throughout the Wahgi Valley area.  It includes two red bird of paradise plumes at the top, white cockatoo feathers, and red feathers from the wing and tail of the black cockatoo (which has red markings).  The shell around the neck, the shell covering the mouth and the thin shell through the septum signify wealth and leadership within the clan.  The ornaments each side of the eyes are insects.
 
The headdress on the lOc stamp is worn by Huli people of the Tari sub-district. There are three main types: "Manda Hare" is the red one on the stamp; "Manda Mindi" is similar but black; and the ordinary everyday wear of the Huli male is a less elaborate headdress called just "Manda".  The "Manda" on the stamp is made of human hair cut from children, the top plume is of cassowary feathers, ear plumes are opossum tail fur, earrings are of mother of pearl suspended from opossum tail, and the necklace is also of mother of pearl, which is used as a form of currency.
 
The 20c stamp shows a Tambul headdress.  It consists of a wig of human hair, rimmed at the base with opossum fur and decorated with white leaves.  There is a large white shell in the centre of the forehead.  The face is marked with white clay and red ochre. Two cassowary bones pushed into the wig behind each ear pin on leaves and ferns. There are two necklaces- one of blue beads and one made of short lengths of bamboo, tied together with string.  Each piece of bamboo represents debts owing to the wearer; usually each segment represents eight to ten pigs or gold-lipped shells.  Thus a man's wealth and his influence are signified by the length of the bamboo necklace.
 
A Jimi River headdress is depicted on the 60c design.  It is made of partly-stripped feathers of the sulphur-crested or white cockatoo, held in a finely-woven hair net made of vegetable fibre string.  The headband is of small cowrie shells stitched on to a fibre band.  The nose, chin and neck ornaments are of pieces of gold-lip pearl shell which is a form of currency in the area.
 
Fauna Conservation
Part 2 - Frogs
Definitives
Designer & Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
The designs were taken from colour transparencies by F.S. Parker, of Kundiawa, they are the 5c Hyla thesaurensis; 10c Hyla iris; 15c Ceratobatrachus guentheri; 20c Nyctimystes narinosa.
Issued 24 April, 1968 with perforation 11½
 
115-1-1PNG 5c Hyla Thesaurensis;
116-1-1PNG 10c Hyla iris;
117-1-1PNG 15c Ceratobatrachus guentheri;
118-1-1PNG 20c Nyctimystes narinosa
 
Human Rights and Free Elections
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Enschede and Sons, Holland.
This issue addresses the issue of Human Rights and Universal Suffrage, with two stamps for each.
Issued 26 June, 1968 with perforation 13½ x 12½
 
119-1-1PNG 5c Human Rights Year;
120-1-1PNG 10c Human Rights Year;
121-1-1PNG 20c Universal Suffrage;
122-1-1PNG 25c Universal Suffrage
 
Sea Shells
Definitives - Part 1
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue was released in three parts; part 1 is here incorporating the 5c, 20c, 25c, 30c and 60c stamps, with the abundant sea life in the waters around Papua New Guinea, it is little wonder the diversity of sea shell found here, the second part was released in October, 1968 and the third part in January 1969.
Issued 28 August, 1968 with perforations below
 
123-1-1PNG 5c Conus marmoreus, perforation 12½ x 12;
124-1-1PNG 20c Tridacna squamosa, perforation 12½ x 12;
125-1-1PNG 25c Lioconcha castrensis, perforation 11½;
126-1-1PNG 30c Murex ramosus, perforation 11½;
127-1-1PNG 60c Charonia tritonis, perforation 11½
 
Sea Shells
Definitives - Part 2
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue was released in three parts; part 2 is here incorporating the 3c, 10c, 15c, 40c and $1 stamps, with the abundant sea life in the waters around Papua New Guinea, it is little wonder the diversity of sea shell found here, the first part was released in August, 1968 and the third part in January 1969.
Issued 30 October, 1968 with perforations below
 
128-1-1PNG 3c Strombus sinuatus, perforation 12½ x 12;
129-1-1PNG 10c Voluta ruckeri, perforation 12½ x 12;
130-1-1PNG 15c Lambis scorplus, perforation 12½ x 12;
131-1-1PNG 40c Nautilus pomphilius, perforation 11½
132-1-1PNG $1 Papustyla pulcherrima, perforation 11½
 
Sea Shells
Definitives - Part 3
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue was released in three parts; part 3 is here incorporating the 1c, 4c, 7c, 12c and $2 stamps, with the abundant sea life in the waters around Papua New Guinea, it is little wonder the diversity of sea shell found here, the first part was released in August, 1968 and the second part in August 1968.
Issued 29 January, 1969 with perforations below
 
133-1-1PNG 1c Ovula ovum, perforation 12½ x 12;
134-1-1PNG 4c Conus litoglyphus, perforation 12½ x 12;
135-1-1PNG 7c Mitra mitra, perforation 12½ x 12;
136-1-1PNG 12c Phalium areoia, perforation 12½ x 12;
137-1-1PNG $2 Conus gloria-maris, perforation 12 x 12½
 
National Heritage Week
Designer: H.A. Brown - Printer: Joh Enschede and Sons, Holland.
A very intricate set of designs, the first pair of Se-tenant stamps (5c)covers the story of Tito also called Iko, Iko's face is shown in the upper section (138-1-1), his face is depicted in Purar Delta fashion with a small mouth, his twin mothers, Levateovu and Pekovu are shown in the lower section (139-1-1) with Iko's drum in the centre linking the two stamps, the border is shown in the Kautel concept.  The second pair (10c) also in Se-tenant form are the story of Luvuapo and Miro, Luvuapo is depicted with his boar face in the upper section (140-1-1) and the face of Miro is shown in the lower section (141-1-1) both images are decorated with boar's tusks.
Issued 9 April, 1969 with perforation 12¾ x 13¾ with Roulette 9 between the Se-tenant pairs
 
138-1-1PNG 5c Tito or Iko;
139-1-1PNG 5c Levateovu and Pekovu;
138-1-1_139-1-1PNG SS Se-tenant Pair
 
140-1-1PNG 10c Luvvuapo;
141-1-1PNG 10c Miro;
140-1-1_141-1-1PNG SS Se-tenant Pair
 
Third South Pacific Games, Port Moresby
Designer: J. Fallas, Port Moresby - Engraved and Printed: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia.
The stamps are simple and of a single colour, the first a 5c depicts a 'Fireball' class yacht, in Port Moresby harbour is printed in black; the second a 10c stamp depicts the games swimming pool in Boroko and is printed in voilet; the third shows the games arena in Konedobu and is printed in green.
Issued 25 June, 1969 with perforations as below
 
142-1-1PNG 5c Black, 'Fireball' Class Yacht, perforation 14 x 14½;
143-1-1PNG 10c Violet, Games swimming Pool; perforation 14½ x 14;
144-1-1PNG 20c Green, Main Arena, perforation 14½ x 14
 
Fauna Conservation
Part 3 - Orchids
Definitives 
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There are four stamps in this release, the 5c Dendrobium ostrinoglossum (Rupp); the 10c Dendrobium lawesii (F. Muel); the 20c Dendrobium pseudofrigidum; and the 30c Dendrobium conanthum (Schlechter).
Issued 27 August, 1969 with perforation 11½
 
145-1-1PNG 5c Dendrobium ostrinoglossum;
146-1-1PNG 10c Dendrobium lawesii;
147-1-1PNG 20c Dendrobium pseudofrigidum;
148-1-1PNG 30c Dendrobium conanthum
 
50th Anniversary, International Labour Organisation
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This stamp commemorates 50 years of labour Organisation, the stamp depicts a female potter plying her trade.
Issued 24 September, 1969 with perforation 11¾
 
149-1-1PNG 5c Female Potter
 
Coil Stamp Issue
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Note Printing Branch, Reserve Bank of Australia.
This is the first coil stamp issued for Papua and New Guinea, with a 5c value, it depicts a colourful Bird of Paradise.
Issued 24 September, 1969 with perforation 15 x Imperforate
 
150-1-1PNG 5c Bird of Paradise
 
Musical Instruments
Designer: George Hamori - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Four native musical instruments are depicted, the 5c Tareko; the 10c Garamut; the 25c Iviliko and the 30c Kundu.
Issued 29 October, 1969 with perforation 12½ x 12
 
151-1-1PNG 5c Tareko;
152-1-1PNG 10c Garamut;
153-1-1PNG 25c Iviliko;
154-1-1PNG 30c Kundu
 
National Heritage
Designer: Richard Bates - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Heritage is one of the most important things to any people, especially if that heritage is under threat from anyone who would consider it irrelevant.  There are four stamps in this issue, the 5c Prehistoric Stone Figure; the 10c Masawa Canoe; the 25c Map of Torres' Discoveries 1606; and the 30c H.M.S. Basilisk.
Issued 11 February, 1970 with perforation 12½ x 12
 
155-1-1PNG 5c Stone Figure;
156-1-1PNG 10c Masawa Canoe;
157-1-1PNG 25c Map of Torres' Discoveries 1606;
158-1-1PNG 30c H.M.S. Basilisk
 
Fauna Conservation
Birds of Paradise
Designer: Tristan Walcot - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There are four stamps in this issue also, the 5c King of Saxony, Bird of Paradise; the 10c Little King, Bird of Paradise; the 15c Count Raggi's, Bird of Paradise; and the 25c Sickle-crested, Bird of Paradise.
Issued 13 May. 1970 with perforation 12 x 11½
 
159-1-1PNG 5c King of Saxony, Bird of Paradise;
160-1-1PNG 10c Little King, Bird of Paradise;
161-1-1PNG 15c Count Raggi's, Bird of Paradise;
162-1-1PNG 25c Sickle-crested, Bird of Paradise
 
Development of Australia-New Guinea Air Services
Designer: David Gentleman - Printer: Harrison and Sons Ltd, London.
There are six stamps in this issue the first four, all 5c stamps were printed Se-tenant in a block of four, the designs are; the 5c Douglas DC6B over Mt. Wilhelm; the 5c Fokker F27 Friendship over Manam Island; the 5c Lockheed L88 Electra over Mt. Yule; the 5c Boeing 727-100 over Mt. Giluwe; the 25c Douglas DC3 over Matupi Volcano; and the 30c Boeing 707 over Hombrom's Bluff.
Issued 8 July, 1970 with perforation 14 x 14½
 
163-1-1PNG 5c Douglas DC6B;
164-1-1PNG 5c Fokker F27 Friendship;
165-1-1PNG 5c Lockheed L88 Electra;
166-1-1PNG 5c Boeing 727-100
 
163-1-1_166-1-1PNG Se-tenant Block of Four
 
167-1-1PNG 25c Douglas DC3;
168-1-1PNG 30c Boeing 707
 
42nd Congress of ANZAAS
Australian and New Zealand Association
for the Advancement of Science
Designer: David Gentleman - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
There were four stamps in this issue with images of four scientists and artifacts from their individual fields of endeavour, the 5c Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay (explorer, ethnologist, anthropologist and biologist) with an artifact; the 10c Bronislaw Malinowski (Anthropologist) with an image of a Native Building; the 15c Tommaso Salvatori, who was also Count Adelardo Tommaso Salvadori Paleotti, with an image of a Double-wattled Casowary; and the 20c Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter, known as Roudolf Schlechter, (taxonomist and botanist) with an image of an Orchid, which orchid would be supposition on my part as he authored about 1000 species of them.
Issued 19 August, 1970 with perforation 11½
 
169-1-1PNG 5c N. Miklouho-Maclay;
170-1-1PNG 10c B. Malinowski;
171-1-1PNG 15c T. Salvatori;
172-1-1PNG 20c R. Schlechter
 
Native Artifacts
Designer: Paul Jones - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
Understanding where we came from, is a great part in understanding who we are, this release has images of four artifacts; the 5c Wogeo Island Food Bowl; the10c Lime Pot; the 15c Albom Sago Storage Pot; and the 30c Manas Island Bowl.
Issued 28 October, 1970 with perforations as below
 
173-1-1PNG 5c Food Bowl, perforation 12 x 12½;
174-1-1PNG 10c Lime Pot, perforation 12 x 12½;
175-1-1PNG 15c Storage Pot, perforation 12 x 12½;
176-1-1PNG 30c Bowl, perforation 12½ x 12
 
National Heritage
Native Dwellings 
Designer: Graham Wade, Sydney - Printer: Helio Courvoisier SA, Switzerland.
This issue contains four stamps of typical native architecture, the 5c stamp depicts an Eastern Highlands round house, these dwellings are circular with a conical roof topped with an upright pole, which is also topped with clumps of orchids or leaves, the walls are a double row of vertical stakes, all stuffed with grass held in place by strips of bark, the roof is thatched with grass over stakes, the opening is a small entrance; the 7c stamp depicts a Milne Bay house. they are decorated with carved or painted panels, the discs or cappings on the support poles are a protection against rodent, the area under the house is a cool space where the villagers sit, talk, store supplies or work; the 10c stamp depicts a Purari Delta House, this type of dwelling is found on the Papuan Gulf, they have been kn own to be over 100 feet long and 30 feet wide, normally there is a central corridor with rooms or cubicles on each side, the name 'Ravi" was the name given to very large dwellings like this,although these dwellings had few if any rooms, they were used for ceremonies forbidden to women; and the 40c stamp depicts a Sepik-Maprik Haus Tambaran or men's spirit house, the distinctive look with the faces and animal motifs are one of the best known styles of the Territory, there can be as many as six rows of painted faces representing ancestral spirits or heroes, on the largest of these dwellings,they are used by men for sacred ceremonies.
Issued 27 January, 1971 with perforation 11½
 
177-1-1PNG 5c Eastern Highlands Round House;
178-1-1PNG 7c Milne Bay House;
179-1-1PNG 10c Purai Delta House;
180-1-1PNG 40c Sepik-Maprik Haus Tambaran House